On the Future of Criminal Offender DNA Databases

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1 The Impact of DNA Technologies On the Future of Criminal Offender DNA Databases Presented by Tim Schellberg Gordon Thomas Honeywell Governmental Affairs Human Identification Solutions Conference Madrid, Spain March 4, 2015 (253)

2 Solve Prevent Exonerate Save

3 Early Adopters United Kingdom, USA, New Zealand, Australia & Western Europe Data from early adopters pushed the rest of the world forward Countries to follow: 49 Countries Implemented

4 49 COUNTRIES HAVE IMPLEMENTED NATIONAL PROGRAMS OVER 60 MILLION OFFENDER SAMPLES Australia Austria Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Canada Czech Republic Chile China Croatia Cyprus Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Hong Kong Hungary Iceland Israel Japan Jordan Kuwait Latvia Lithuania Netherlands New Zealand Macedonia Malaysia Mauritius Norway Oman Panama Poland Portugal Qatar Russia Slovenia Slovakia Singapore South Korea Spain Sweden Switzerland Taiwan United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay These countries have implemented legislation/polices on a national basis to database the DNA of a defined category of criminal offender

5 Predictions 80 Countries, Million Profiles India Indonesia Brazil Pakistan Nigeria Bangladesh Mexico Philippines Vietnam Iran Egypt Turkey Thailand Italy South Africa Colombia Kenya Argentina Ukraine Algeria Uganda Morocco Saudi Arabia Peru Venezuela Sri Lanka Kazakhstan Ecuador Greece Ireland Botswana

6 Many of the remaining 117 countries will face challenges to develop databases Average per capita annual income is below $5,000 USA Conclusion: Many of the remaining countries will need new methods to move forward

7

8 Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) Rapid DNA Ion Personal Genome Machine (PGM ) System is For Research, Forensic or Paternity Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.

9 GOING FASTER WITHOUT LAB PERSONNEL - WHAT S THE IMPACT? Reference Samples Enabling Law Changes Allowing non accredited labs to do the testing. Casework Inevitable Protocols will be necessary Ownership Putting DNA in the hands of law enforcement will increase utilization

10 Military Boarder Control - Detainee Immigration/Refugee Process The 117 Countries Who May Not Have Infrastructure

11 Casework: How deep should we look? More STRs mtdna Appearance SNP s YSTRs/Other Pedigree Assisting Markers Personal Information SNP s Prediction: Impact on Innocent Suspects Duty of Government to Inform We will see legislation to regulate the use of NGS in casework. International discussion and protocols would be beneficial

12 Reference Samples: What is the timeline? 10 years 20 years more? What will be included? More STRs, YSTRs, Mito, Autosomal SNPs? Consider impact on challenging samples. Legislative debate will be limited

13 Now Probable Possible Criminal DNA Database will continue to grow & expand into new countries

14 Peru Newborn Pilot Discussion for whole population databases grows in the Middle East Changing Attitudes Denmark Study: Nearly 80% say that cataloging the DNA of everyone in the country is a good idea. - Copenhagen Post (February 4, 2015)

15 DNA database policies should focus on building public trust Proactively regulate the use of NGS Personal Information SNP s Sample & Profile Destruction & Control Arrestees Voluntary Samples Innocent Suspects Paternity Sensitivities Familial Searching

16 Privacy issues with Personalized Medicine Privacy issues with Human Identification Databases Whole Genome Health Systems Doctors Research Institutions Multiple Government Agencies Insurance Companies Big Data Companies Paternity Awareness Genetic Weakness Limited Identity Genetic Markers Limited Government Agencies

17 Speaker was provided travel and hotel support by Thermo Fisher Scientific for this presentation, but no remuneration.

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