A PREVENTIVE APPROACH TO AVOID POVERTY FROM SOCIETY

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1 A PREVENTIVE APPROACH TO AVOID POVERTY FROM SOCIETY SUNITA RANI Research Scholar, department of economics CDLU, SIRSA (India) ABSTRACT The main reason of undevloping country is poverty. India is also one of them. India is known for the poor people it has poverty gives birth too many other problems. In our India the poverty is the biggest barriers to develop our nation. Today world of globalization; poverty is a major problem for India. Since and ancient time, India has been shown different social, economical, cultural and religious problems, where people s basic need for food, clothing and shelters are not bring meet. Now days, the 65% Indian economy is depending on agriculture. Therefore many others are only one pay check away from being there. Poverty gives birth high crime rate, child labor, women exploitation etc. Here this paper overall discussion cause, effect, suggestion and direction can make for improvement poverty eradication and possible way out for this. We hope this paper will contribute to the ongoing discussions on how poverty can be avoid from India. Keywords: Poverty, social activity, problems, efforts, approach. I. INTRODUCTION Poverty is one of the major problems which India has been suffering from since long. This is main problem which increases the valley between rich and poor people. Poverty is poor symbol of living in which life detain, detract and create complications among between the family members. It is a social-economic phenomenon in which a section of society is unable to fulfill even its basic necessities of life. The minimum needs are food, clothing, housing, education and other basic minimum human needs. Slums, beggary, forgery, Occupies foot path etc are the common consequences in poverty. According to the professor Dandekar committee, A person who does not earn 1000/- per month is considered in bellow poverty line in India. As per Geline, Poverty is the poor standard of living in all stages of life. The Official estimates say that 2100 kilo Calorie for urban areas and 2400 kilo Calorie for rural areas are the daily need for a good healthy life; and 60 rs per day is the cost to get that kilo Calorie. However, about 35 per cent of the country s population cannot afford to spend $1 a day on their essential needs and live in extremely poor conditions. In India different states have different number of poor persons. Utter Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh etc. have relatively more number of poor persons as compared to other states. In percentage form Orissa has the highest % of persons living below poverty line i.e., 43%age and Punjab has lowest i.e. 6%. 617 P a g e

2 Since India has a large proportion of the world s poor and illiterates. It means to understand the definition of poverty; one should have knowledge of poverty line. II. MAIN CAUSES OF POVERTY: IN INDIA 1. Unemployment: The number of unemployed Indians is continuously increasing.unemployment is the reflection of poverty. Many of our country men do not have a proper job to sustain themselves and their families. The number of job seekers is increasing continuously but the job opportunities are not increasing at the rate at which should they increase and the result of this is poverty in India. 2. High divorce rate: Marriage appears to reduce adult and child poverty. Children is most impact families face to a higher risk of poverty through childhood and the negative economic consequences of divorce tend to be greater for women and children than men. Despite all the lack about poverty inequality and social modality these days, there has been to little attention to the ways in which a lack of opportunity is being exacerbated by changes in family composition. Divorce is the termination of a marriage. 3. Lack of education: Root cause of poverty is lack of education. We think education is a tool in order to reduce the vulnerable position of millions of people the world. The education provides the job opportunities, self-esteemed social awareness for change. 10. Improper health: Lack of money is the root of all evils and sufferings. Lack of educational awareness responsible for poverty and improper health. 4. Low agriculture: India is an agricultural economy. About 70% of our working population depends on agriculture directly or indirectly. But our agriculture is in a bad way. Farmers are poor and uneducated. They do not know the modern methods of farming. They have no good facilities of irrigation. They do not get seeds and fertilizers in time. Thus, the yield is poor. Agriculture is not profitable today. We face the shortage of food. We have to import it. So, low agriculture is one of the causes of India s poverty. 5. Rapid growth of population: Rapid growth of population is an underbelly condition. Where the number of existing human population exceeds the carrying capacity of earth. Population growth not only creates difficulties in the removal of poverty but also lowers the per capita income which tends to increase poverty. 6. Natural climate condition: There are lots of areas in world which are not suitable for human development, for example Sahara desert of Africa, Thar Desert of India, ladakh area of India, Iceland, flood area, earthquake, drought etc are also unfavorable for human residence. Due to all these natural economic development of human is not possible. 7. Corruption: One of the biggest problem of our country is corruption. It is one of the biggest reasons for poverty in India. The corrupted leaders etc had eaten up all the money of our country. 8. Education: Government should take steps to spread awareness for education so that the people do not have to depend on others for their income. They can also protect themselves from exploitation by the greedy traders. 9. Gap between the rich and the poor: The widening gap between the rich and the poor is also responsible for India s poverty. The rich are growing richer. The poor are growing poorer. This economic gap between 618 P a g e

3 the two must be reduced. Our social system should be changed. The poor people must get all help to reap the fruits of Independence. III. EFFECTS OF POVERTY IN INDIAN SOCIETY 1. Beggary: It is a major problem which is today affecting large population of India. There are large number of beggars in India who are forced in to doing begging because our society fails in providing any good alternative to them. For the last few centuries India has suffered acute poverty. From the ancient times, the main cause of poverty was various taxes. Poverty, disability and unemployment is the problem of beggary which is a social problem. 2. Terrorism: It s important to note that most of the time terrorists do come from poorer countries with high unemployment, and that terrorist organizations often provide much higher salaries than any other job, if any other job is available at all. In fact, a lot of different factors interact with the decision to become a terrorist. 3. Alcohol & substance abuse, from kids in African slums to adults in the US, this is a very common selfdestructing habit often taken as a way to cope with huge amounts of stress and... Well, despair. 4. Crippling accidents due to unsafe working environments (machinery in factories or agriculture) as well as other work hazards such as lead poisoning, pesticide poisoning, bites from wild animals due to lack of proper protection. 5. Poor housing & living conditions, a classic cause of diseases. 6. Water and food-related diseases, simply because the poor can t always afford "safe" foods. IV. SOME PREVENTIVE APPROACH TO AVOID POVERTY FROM SOCIETY Nearly 50% of our population has been living below the poverty line continuously over a long period. Hence urgent action is necessary to devise an immediate plan of action to remove poverty. In order to meet the problem of poverty various measures are to be taken such as: 1. Education: Education is a primary source of decrease poverty. If people will get skill full education they can earn more. Education increases human ability and it is helpful in human development. 2. Employment: government should provide employment source for poor people. Minimum wage act should be applied in all working fields. 3. Redistribution of land: many farmers have large land areas... Government should redistribution of agriculture land... It should distribute in poor farmers.government should some farmers policies for poor farmers. 4. Population control: Population in India has been increasing rapidly. Growth rate of population is 1.8%. For removal of poverty the growth rate of population should be lowered. The population of the country can be reduced to an average level. This will make developmental plans successful and the poor people will have a greater share in the funds of the government. 5. Use Indian products for reuses Indian money in India. 619 P a g e

4 6. Ban import of all goods manufactured through high automation and mass production, which can be easily manufactured by our micro and small enterprises. Flooding market with cheap Chinese goods (both in terms of quality and price) does not help India fight poverty in any way. 7. Corruption must end. Our offices should work efficiently. These are some approaches by which our poverty can be avoided. V. STATE WISE POVERTY In India different states have different number of poor persons. Utter Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh etc. have relatively more number of poor persons as compared to other states. In percentage Form Orissa has the highest % of persons living below poverty line i.e., 43%age and Punjab has lowest i.e., 6%. A comparative study of rich and poor states is shown below: State with higher %age of Poverty %age State with lower %age of Poverty %age Orissa 46.4 Punjab 8.4 Bihar 41.4 Himachal Pradesh 10 Chhattisgarh 40.9 Haryana 14 Jharkhand 40.3 Kerala 15 Madhya Pradesh 38.3 Utter Pradesh 32.8 Source: Economic Survey, Govt. of India. VI. POVERTY IN INDIA Poverty is a big issue in India. It is effecting more than half population of India. It is proved by some statics these are given below: 50% of Indians don t have proper shelter. 70% don t have access to decent toilets (which inspires a multitude of bacteria to host their own disease party). 35% of households don t have a nearby water source. 85% of villages don t have a secondary school (how can this be the same government claiming 9% annual growth?). Over 40% of these same villages don t have proper roads connecting them. CONCLUSION Poverty is a national problem and it must be solved on a war footing. Poverty give birth too many other problems. The link between ignorance and poverty and ill health and poverty are well-established. There are diseases of poverty such as malaria, tuberculosis, diarrhea and malnutrition. Having fallen ill due to poverty, the poor do not have the resources to seek quality health care, for which he/she has to borrow money for treatment. 620 P a g e

5 Ineptness due to hospitalization leading to poverty has been well documented. Poverty therefore is a complex phenomenon of many dimensions not merely the economic dimension. So government should provide better medical facilities, drinking water facilities and education so that people living below poverty line can improve their lives. REFERENCE [1]. Dr. Unnati H. Datar, poverty-a main society disease in current scenario, ijarse, vol. No.4, issue no.01, January 2015 [2]. Economic survey , , website: [3]. Desai A.R., Rural Sociology in India, Popular Prakashan, Bombay, [4]. Dhanagare D.N., Peasant Movements in India, OUP, New Delhi, [5]. real time/tag/poverty line/wikipedia.org/wiki/poverty in India. [6]. bank.org/end/topic/poverty/reasons [7]. discussion.net/articles/suggestions for economic of poverty from India/ P a g e

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