8th Social Studies Quiz B

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1 8th Social Studies B Name: Instructions: Copyright Measured Progress, All Rights Reserved

2 : 8th Social Studies B 1. The Articles of Confederation were the basis for the first government of the United States. Which best describes the government established by the Articles? A. strong executive branch B. loose partnership of states C. three branches of government D. powerful national government 2. By winning which battle fought in Georgia during the American Revolution did the colonists obtain much needed guns, ammunition, and horses? A. Bunker Hill B. Kettle Creek C. Lexington and Concord D. Yorktown 3. Which of the following would be considered a resource found in Georgia s coastal plains? A. rapidly flowing rivers B. fertile soil for farming C. coal deposits and natural gas D. bedrock such as granite and marble 4. The executive, judicial, and legislative branches of the federal government took steps to further the civil rights movement after World War II. Which of the following was a step taken by the executive branch? A. outlawing the Ku Klux Klan B. integrating of the armed services C. ending the policy of separate but equal D. leading demonstrations and marches for equal rights 2

3 : 8th Social Studies B 5. Why were counties originally created in Georgia? A. to provide one certain special service not provided by cities B. to serve as districts for carrying out state laws and programs C. to collect taxes and finance local government D. to be responsible for education across the state 6. Which statement is true about political parties in Georgia over the past fifty years? A. Georgia has been dominated by three parties. B. Georgia has been dominated by the Republican Party. C. Georgia has changed from a one-party system to a two-party system. D. Georgia has changed from a two-party system to a one-party system. 7. Which organization did the federal government create in 1865 to supervise the transition of slaves to freedom? A. Howard University B. Freedmen s Bureau C. American Civil Liberties Union D. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People 8. During the Constitutional Convention of 1787 in Philadelphia, the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan were proposed to resolve a major disagreement about which aspect of government? A. the election of the president B. the appointment of the judiciary C. the makeup of the United States Congress D. the power to impose taxes 3

4 : 8th Social Studies B 9. Which statement best describes the belief of many Southerners about the Dred Scott decision of 1857? A. Slavery could now expand into the northern states. B. Compromise was the best way to settle problems. C. New justices should be appointed to the Supreme Court. D. The question of slavery in the territories was finally settled. 10. What was a misunderstanding that many times led to warfare between Europeans and Native Americans? A. disagreement about a division of labor between men and women B. differences about common ownership of land in North America C. wanting a common language and culture throughout North America D. Native American insistence that white Europeans adopt Native American customs and beliefs 11. Why were early Georgia colonists urged to plant mulberry trees? A. to establish a silk industry B. to prevent soil erosion C. to provide a food source D. to provide lumber for building homes 12. Which program, funded by a state lottery, was developed by Georgia Governor Zell Miller? A. TVA. B. CCC. C. FDIC. D. HOPE. 4

5 : 8th Social Studies B 13. What was the purpose for adapting the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution? A. to give black people the right to vote after the Civil War B. to ensure that every person could own and oversee property C. to ensure that every accused person had the right to an attorney D. to provide due process and equal protection of the law to all citizens 14. Which of the following correctly contrasts the colony of Georgia with the New England colonies? A. Georgia had small, scattered farms while the New England farms were large and close together. B. The New England colonies were more dependent on farming than the Georgia colony. C. The Georgia colony was more tolerant of different religions than the New England colonies were. D. Georgia colonists were more religiously observant and strict than the New England colonists. 15. How did the federal New Deal programs of the 1930s have a lasting effect on the Georgia economy? A. Roads, public buildings, and other facilities were constructed using federal money. B. Georgia s citizens were provided with federal income tax relief. C. The federal government provided money to attract new industries to Georgia. D. The federal minimum wage was repealed, allowing wages to respond to supply and demand. 5

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