Profile of Migration and Remittances: Croatia

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1 Profile of Migration and Remittances: Croatia June 2012 This profile of migration and in Croatia, as well as similar profiles for EU 10 and Western Balkan countries, attempts to provide consistent and reliable estimates of migration and. The profile also provides information on regulations on migration and. The goal of this profile is to promote improvement in data collection, monitoring of migration and remittance trends, as well as to inform policy makers and other stakeholders working on migration and. This profile will be updated annually using all available national and international sources. This country profile covers the following areas: (1) Migration stocks and flows (2) Remittances flows and channels (3) Regulations pertaining to migration and 1

2 (1) Migration stocks and flows Emigrant Stocks Table 1: Number of emigrants in 2010 (thousands) Destination Emigrant stock EU Austria 52.2 Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.7 France 32.6 Germany Italy 27.7 Slovenia 26.1 Switzerland 27.1 Other Australia 74.1 Canada 45.7 United States 46.5 Other countries 31.2 Total Note: Data is for foreign born population in the destination country. Foreign nationality data is used where this data is not available. Source: Migration and Remittances Factbook 2011 Table 2: Stock of Croatian emigrants by destination and by educational attainment, 2000 (persons) Destination Low Medium High Total America 24,107 24,247 47,631 95,985 Europe (including EU15) 215,148 79,356 38, ,399 EU15 208,834 59,656 34, ,012 Asia and Oceania 20,705 17,803 11,816 50,324 Note: Low primary or 0 8 years of education; Medium secondary or 9 12 years of education; High tertiary or 13 years or more of education. This data is for migrants of age 25+ in most cases. Source: Docquier, Frédéric and Abdeslam Marfouk, International Migration by Educational Attainment Release 1.1. March Table 3: Emigration of Physicians, stocks Year Number of physician emigrants Number of physicians in Croatia Medical Brain Drain , % , % 2

3 , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % , % Source: Bhargava, Alok, Frédéric Docquier and Yasser Moullan. Revised panel data set on physician emigration ( ). February Immigrant Stocks Table 4: Immigrant stock in 2010 (foreign nationals, thousands) Destination Emigrant stock EU Austria 1.8 Bosnia and Herzegovina Germany 9.6 Italy 2.0 Macedonia, FYR 12.0 Slovenia 25.6 Other United States 1 Other countries Total Source: Migration and Remittances Factbook 2011 Table 5: Immigrant stock in 1999 by gender and age group (foreign born, thousands) Age Group Male Female Total ,064 1,977 4, ,02 6,647 13, ,843 12,399 25, ,195 13,597 27, ,461 16,114 31, ,33 21,655 39, ,214 26,536 49,75 3

4 ,735 31,483 59, ,236 32,169 61, ,251 30,59 58, ,336 26,72 51, ,507 20,935 40, ,114 25,301 49, ,561 21,71 41, ,647 17,13 29, ,831 11,481 17, ,386 8,461 11,847 Total 292, , ,700 Source: Croatia Census 2001 via UN Global Migration Database. Migration flows Table 6: Flows of international migrants, persons Immigrants Emigrants Age group ,315 1, ,032 2,051 1, ,620 1, ,323 1, ,096 1, ,040 1, and over Total 14,622 14,541 8,468 4,985 9,002 7,488 9,940 9,860 Source: Statistical Office of Croatia, International migration of population in Croatia, Refugee population Table 7: Refugees, asylum seekers, internally displaced persons Country of asylum: Croatia Country of origin: Croatia 4

5 Refugees ,649 People in refugee like situations 42 Total refugees and people in refugee like situations ,649 Asylum seekers (pending cases) Returned refugees IDPs protected/ assisted by UNHCR, incl. people in IDP like situations Returned IDPs Stateless persons 1,720 Various 21,016 21,508 Total population of concern 24,301 85,402 Source: UNHCR 2011 Global Trends (2) Remittance flows and channels Remittance flows Table 8: Quarterly remittance flows (BPM5 Framework)* Inflows Outflows (US $, millions) Workers' Compensation of employees Migrants' transfers Migrant Workers' Compensation of employees Migrants' transfers Migrant 2008 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Source: IMF Balance of Payments Database * BPM5: The sixth edition of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 5

6 the Manual) published in 1993 serves as the standard framework for statistics on the transactions and positions between an economy and the rest of the world. Table 9: Annual remittance flows (BPM5 Framework)* Inflows (US $, millions) Outflows Workers' Compensation of employees Migrants' transfers Migrant Workers' Compensation of employees Migrants' transfers Migrant , , , , , Source: IMF Balance of Payments Database * BPM5: The sixth edition of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, the Manual) published in 1993 serves as the standard framework for statistics on the transactions and positions between an economy and the rest of the world. Table 10: Annual remittance flows (BPM6 Framework)* Inflows Outflows Compensation of employees Personal transfers o.w. Workers Personal Total Total and transfers Note: This section is currently blank but will be filled when BPM6 is implemented in Croatia * BPM6: The sixth edition of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, the Manual) published in 2007 serves as the standard framework for statistics on the transactions and positions between an economy and the rest of the world. Channels of flows providers Information flows through commercial banks, post offices, savings cooperatives, microfinance institutions, mobile money transfers is currently unavailable. Remittance costs 6

7 Table 11: Cost of sending to Croatia from Germany (percent) Amount sent=> $200 $ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Source: World Bank Remittance Price Database (3) Regulations pertaining to migration and Table 12: Regulations pertaining to migration Immigration topic Regulation Institutions responsible for immigration Immigration regulations and laws Ministry of Interior (MOI) ( Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration ( Ministry of Economy, Labour and Entrepreneurship etc Migration Policy, The Law on Asylum Immigration quotas by nationality of origin Types of visas available for immigrants Types of occupations in which immigrants are allowed Yes Emigration topic Institutions responsible for emigration Regulation 7

8 Restrictions on emigration Cost of passports and visas Dual citizenship yes Table 13: Regulations pertaining to Remittances topic Regulation Institutions responsible for monitoring and CROATIAN NATIONAL BANK, regulating Types of private sector firms allowed to perform inward and outward remittance transactions Money transfer firms (Western Union, MoneyGram, etc) Reporting requirement for data Reporting requirements exist but are different by type of by commercial banks and other types of provider. remittance service providers Restrictions on inward/outward transfers No restrictions Anti money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML CFT) requirements ANTI MONEY LAUNDERING AND TERRORIST FINANCING, 15 May

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