Challenges of Latin America and the Caribbean in front of the current development crossroads

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Challenges of Latin America and the Caribbean in front of the current development crossroads"

Transcription

1 Challenges of Latin America and the Caribbean in front of the current development crossroads ANTONIO PRADO DEPUTY EXECUTIVE SECRETARY Regional Meeting of the Ambassadors of Norway in Latin America Santiago, 20 January 2016

2 Latin America and the Caribbean is at a crossroads

3 After a period of prosperity, the region is facing a more difficult external context and slower economic growth The world economy has not expanded as expected. Growth projections for 2016 (2.9%) are slightly better than those for 2015 (2.4%). Upturn in growth in the United States (about 2.6% in 2016) with positive impacts for remittances, tourism and trade in Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean. Fiscal imbalances and lack of competitiveness in the eurozone, plus high unemployment and slow growth of 2.0% in 2016 are acting as a drag on global trade. Slowdown in China from a growth of 9.2% in 2011 to a lesser growth of 6.5% in 2016 is having an impact on countries that export natural resources. End of quantitative easing (QE) in the United States and launch of QE in Europe likely to create more volatile financial conditions.

4 The economic and trade slowdown indicates a future with lower growth LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN: ANNUAL VARIATION IN MERCHANDISE EXPORTS, a (Percentages) Panama Dominican Republic Bolivia (Plur. State of) Central America Nicaragua Cuba Guatemala Peru Costa Rica 1.0 Honduras Colombia Paraguay Mexico Haiti El Salvador Chile The Caribbean Uruguay Argentina Ecuador Latin America and the Caribbean South America Brazil Volume Price Value Venezuela (Bol. Rep. of) -7,0 Source: ECLAC, based on official figures from the countries central banks, customs offices and national institutes of statistics. a Figures for 2015 and 2016 are projections. LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN: GDP GROWTH, 2016 a (Percentages, on the basis of dollars at constant 2010 prices) -0,8-2,0 6,2 5,2 4,5 4,3 4,3 4,2 4,0 3,4 3,3 3,3 3,0 3,0 2,6 2,5 2,4 2,1 1,6 1,5 0,8 0,3 0,

5 Global tectonic shifts Reorganization of the global economy and international politics in trade blocs: TPP, TTIP, RCEP, BRICS Decoupling of the financial economy from the real economy Technology revolution without precedent Tendency towards global inequality An uneven demographic transition: some countries have a demographic dividend, others have an ageing population Large-scale migration as a result of disasters, wars and inequality Urbanization: 80% of the population lives in cities Growing ecological footprint Vulnerability to climate change and to natural disasters (cumulative cost of US$ 350 billion) Conflicts, violence and insecurity

6 Nicaragua Guatemala Honduras Rep. Dominicana El Salvador México Paraguay Uruguay Costa Rica Panamá Venezuela Bolivia Argentina Brasil Ecuador Colombia Perú Chile Promedio Not enough was done to increase investment in human capacities, and to reduce inequality AMÉRICA LATINA: POBLACIÓN AÑOS QUE CONCLUYÓ LA EDUCACIÓN SECUNDARIA, 2010 (Porcentajes) Quintil 1 Quintil AMÉRICA LATINA (PROMEDIO SIMPLE 18 PAÍSES): CONCLUSIÓN DE AL MENOS CINCO AÑOS DE EDUCACIÓN TERCIARIA ENTRE JÓVENES DE 25 A 29 AÑOS, SEGÚN QUINTILES DE INGRESO PER CÁPITA Y SEXO, ALREDEDOR DE 2010 (Porcentajes) Hombres Mujeres Quintil 1 Quintil 2 Quintil 3 Quintil 4 Quintil Total Fuente: CEPAL sobre la base de tabulaciones especiales de las encuestas de hogares de los países. Nota: El dato de Argentina corresponde al Gran Buenos Aires y el de Uruguay a zonas urbanas.

7 With social progress, the region still remains the worst distribution of income, and other inequalities LATIN AMERICA: a POVERTY AND INDIGENCE, b (Percentages) LATIN AMERICA AND OTHER WORLD REGIONS: GINI COEFFICIENT, AROUND Poor Indigent 0.00 Latin America and the Caribbean (18) Sub- Saharan Africa (39) East Asia and the Pacific (10) North Africa and Middle East (9) South Asia (8) Western Europe and Central Asia (21) OECD (22) Source: ECLAC, on the basis of special tabulations of data from household surveys. a Estimate for 18 countries of the region plus Haiti. c The 2014 figures are projections. Source: ECLAC, on the basis of special tabulations of data from household surveys in the respective countries.

8 Vulnerability has come down considerably, but still applies to half the population LATIN AMERICA (WEIGHTED AVERAGE FOR 18 COUNTRIES AND FOR 8 COUNTRIES): PROFILE OF INCOME VULNERABILITY, AROUND 1990, 2002, 2008 AND 2013, AND BY RACE OR ETHNIC GROUP, AROUND 2011 (Percentages) Source: ECLAC, Inclusive social development: the next generation of policies for overcoming poverty and reducing inequality in Latin America and the Caribbean, Santiago, November, a Weighted average for the Plurinational State of Bolivia (2009), Brazil (2011), Chile (2011), Ecuador (2011), Mexico (2010), Paraguay (2011), Peru (2011) and Uruguay (2011).

9 With challenges of environmental sustainability to move towards low-carbon paths LATIN AMERICA: PER CAPITA GDP AND PER CAPITA ENERGY CONSUMPTION, 2008 (Kilograms of oil equivalent and 2005 purchasing power parity dollars) GLOBAL TRENDS IN GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS, (Percentages of global emissions) Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), Structural Change for Equality: an integrated approach to development (LC/G.2524(SES.34/3)), Santiago, Chile, Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), The European Union and Latin America and the Caribbean in the new economic and social context, Santiago, 2015.

10 Five major structural challenges

11 Insufficient investment for development and innovation In infrastructure In research, science and innovation In development banking: inclusive financing In cleaner production solutions GROSS FIXED CAPITAL FORMATION, (Percentages of GDP, on the basis of dollars at constant 2005 prices) Latin America Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), on the basis of official figures and World Bank, World Development Indicators. Eastern Asia and Pacific

12 2. Insufficient and limited fiscal space: little and poor taxation INTERNATIONAL COMPARISON OF THE LEVEL AND STRUCTURE OF THE TAX BURDEN (Percentages of GDP) Regressive tax structure Low tax burden in most countries High evasion Widespread exemptions Social spending has a limited redistributive impact Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and International Monetary Fund (IMF). a The coverage for calculating the Latin American average refers to central government except in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica and the Plurinational State of Bolivia, where it refers to general government.

13 3. The production structure has not changed: it is heterogeneous and a source of inequalities LATIN AMERICA (18 COUNTRIES): STRUCTURAL HETEROGENEITY INDICATORS, AROUND 2009 (Percentages) LATIN AMERICA (18 COUNTRIES): GDP PER WORKER, PPP AROUND 2009 (Thousands of dollars) Source: ECLAC, on the basis of R. Infante, América Latina en el umbral del desarrollo. Un ejercicio de convergencia productiva, Working Paper, No. 14, Santiago, Chile, June 2011, unpublished.

14 The greatest structural challenge is to diversify the export pattern to reduce dependence on raw materials LATIN AMERICA AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES IN EAST ASIA: PATTERN OF STRUCTURAL CHANGE AND SHARE OF EXPORTS, (Percentages) LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN: EXPORT STRUCTURE BY TECHNOLOGY INTENSITY, (Percentages of the total) 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% % High-technology manufactures Low-technology manufactures Raw materials Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), on the basis of official figures. Medium-technology manufactures Natural resource-based manufactures

15 4. Functional inequality: increasing concentration of income, capital and technology LATIN AMERICA (13 COUNTRIES): VARIATION IN GINI INDEX AND WAGES RELATIVE TO GDP, 2002 AND 2009 Gini index Share of wages in GDP (Percentages) Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), on the basis of CEPALSTAT, National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INDEC) of Argentina, and the central banks of Costa Rica, Guatemala and Uruguay.

16 5. The region continues to trade little with each itself and with low levels of productive integration SELECTED GROUPINGS: SHARE OF INTRA-GROUP EXPORTS IN TOTAL EXPORTS, (Percentages) SHARE OF PARTS AND COMPONENTS IN INTRA-GROUP EXPORTS, 2013 (Percentages) 70 Grouping Percentage ASEAN+5 34 TLCAN European Union Latin America and the Caribbean European Union ASEAN+5 a NAFTA Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean (excluding Mexico) Source: ECLAC, on the basis of United Nations Commodity Trade Database (COMTRADE). a Includes the 10 members of ASEAN and China, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China, and Taiwan Province of China.

17 ECLAC proposal: structural change for equality and sustainability

18 The road in the social sphere Consolidate social public spending as a countercyclical fiscal policy tool with more efficient implementation. Create opportunities for financing social spending. Design a new generation of social policies linked with social investment, with instruments and mechanisms to increase efficiency, effectiveness, impact and sustainability. Investment in innovation, education and employment for youth, generating solid bases for achieving objectives of structural change for equality. Active policies on care and time-liberation, with a view to full incorporation of women into the labour market

19 Re-establishment of a productive architecture Promote structural change by mainstreaming environmental sustainability With new institutions that promote productivity from an explicit industrial policy Link low productivity sectors with those at the frontier technology Integrated support strategy for SMEs with inclusive financing that meshes well with the most dynamic sectors Greater hierarchy for science and technology Mediation mechanisms for social and environmental conflicts Land use planning and urban planning

20 Time for production integration Integration is a multidimensional process encompassing economic, political, social, cultural and environmental issues. The production dimension as a strategic element of regional integration Tackling inequality as well as social policies calls for a change in the production and export structure and the creation of good quality and progressively more sophisticated activities. The regional space is the most conducive to this transformation

21 Politics and policymaking: the importance of compacts The development crossroads the region has reached calls for revisiting the way in which its institutions and structures are linked to one another, involving a wide range of agents in the process A compact is a political instrument for putting into place, within a democratic framework, medium-term institutional policies and reforms with a strategic vision, with less risk that they will be reversed later A social compact is necessary at a time of changes in the interaction between the State, the market and society, with social effervescence and the emergence of new forms of participation The citizenry is a party to the compact, as a full bearer of rights, with the State acting as guarantor of those rights

22 Compacts relating to the seven pillars for transforming the region s development process A fiscal compact A compact for investment and industrial policy A social and labour compact A compact for social welfare and public services A compact for environmental sustainability A compact for natural resource governance A compact among the international community for development and cooperation towards 2030

23 Compacts make it politically feasible to chart a new path of growth and structural change to ensure progressive and sustainable steps towards greater equality, based on proposals that have been developed and implemented by participatory and democratic methods, thus avoiding the danger that proposals will remain in the realm of volunteerism and the expression of good intentions.

24

Wage Inequality in Latin America: Understanding the Past to Prepare for the Future Julian Messina and Joana Silva

Wage Inequality in Latin America: Understanding the Past to Prepare for the Future Julian Messina and Joana Silva Wage Inequality in Latin America: Understanding the Past to Prepare for the Future Julian Messina and Joana Silva 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 US (Billions) Gini points, average Latin

More information

New Economical, Political and Social Trends in Latin America, and the Demands for Participation

New Economical, Political and Social Trends in Latin America, and the Demands for Participation New Economical, Political and Social Trends in Latin America, and the Demands for Participation Bernardo Kliksberg DPADM/DESA/ONU 21 April, 2006 AGENDA 1. POLITICAL CHANGES 2. THE STRUCTURAL ROOTS OF THE

More information

INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION IN THE AMERICAS

INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION IN THE AMERICAS INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION IN THE AMERICAS SICREMI 2012 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Organization of American States Organization of American States INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION IN THE AMERICAS Second Report of the Continuous

More information

Conservative transformation in Latin America: can social inclusion justify unsustainable production? Vivianne Ventura-Dias

Conservative transformation in Latin America: can social inclusion justify unsustainable production? Vivianne Ventura-Dias Conservative transformation in Latin America: can social inclusion justify unsustainable production? Vivianne Ventura-Dias Latin America: inequality and violence. Why so unequal? Why so violent? Conservative

More information

Unpaid domestic work: its relevance to economic and social policies

Unpaid domestic work: its relevance to economic and social policies Unpaid domestic work: its relevance to economic and social policies Rebeca Grynspan Director, Economic Commission for Latin American and the Caribbean, Subregional Headquarters in Mexico. Conference on

More information

Carolina Sánchez Páramo World Bank July 21, 2009

Carolina Sánchez Páramo World Bank July 21, 2009 Carolina Sánchez Páramo World Bank July 21, 2009 Relationship between ideology of governing party and poverty/inequality in 2000 2006? Ideology poverty/inequality Focus on Frequency of poverty/inequality

More information

The recent socio-economic development of Latin America presents

The recent socio-economic development of Latin America presents 35 KEYWORDS Economic growth Poverty mitigation Evaluation Income distribution Public expenditures Population trends Economic indicators Social indicators Regression analysis Latin America Poverty reduction

More information

Income, Deprivation, and Perceptions in Latin America and the Caribbean:

Income, Deprivation, and Perceptions in Latin America and the Caribbean: Income, Deprivation, and Perceptions in Latin America and the Caribbean: New Evidence from the Gallup World Poll Leonardo Gasparini* Walter Sosa Escudero** Mariana Marchionni* Sergio Olivieri* * CEDLAS

More information

Purchasing power parities for Latin America and the Caribbean, : methods and results

Purchasing power parities for Latin America and the Caribbean, : methods and results Purchasing power parities for Latin America and the Caribbean, 2005-2013: methods and results Hernán Epstein and Salvador Marconi ABSTRACT This work sets out some methodological aspects and gross domestic

More information

III. RELEVANCE OF GOALS, OBJECTIVES AND ACTIONS IN THE ICPD PROGRAMME OF ACTION FOR THE ACHIEVEMENT OF MDG GOALS IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN

III. RELEVANCE OF GOALS, OBJECTIVES AND ACTIONS IN THE ICPD PROGRAMME OF ACTION FOR THE ACHIEVEMENT OF MDG GOALS IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN III. RELEVANCE OF GOALS, OBJECTIVES AND ACTIONS IN THE ICPD PROGRAMME OF ACTION FOR THE ACHIEVEMENT OF MDG GOALS IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

More information

Economic. and Social. Panorama. of the Community of Latin American. and Caribbean States,

Economic. and Social. Panorama. of the Community of Latin American. and Caribbean States, Economic and Social Panorama of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, 214 Alicia Bárcena Executive Secretary Antonio Prado Deputy Executive Secretary Luis Fidel Yáñez Officer in Charge,

More information

Reducing poverty amidst high levels of inequality: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean

Reducing poverty amidst high levels of inequality: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean Reducing poverty amidst high levels of inequality: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean Simone Cecchini, Senior Social Affairs Officer, Social Development Division Economic Commission for Latin

More information

ABC. The Pacific Alliance

ABC. The Pacific Alliance ABC The Pacific Alliance 1 The Pacific Alliance Deep integration for prosperity The Pacific Alliance is a mechanism for regional integration formed by Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru, in April 2011. It

More information

Economic and Social Panorama of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, 2013

Economic and Social Panorama of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, 2013 Economic and Social Panorama of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, 213 Alicia Bárcena Executive Secretary Antonio Prado Deputy Executive Secretary Ricardo Pérez Chief, Publications and

More information

U.S.-Latin America Trade: Recent Trends

U.S.-Latin America Trade: Recent Trends Order Code 98-840 Updated May 18, 2007 U.S.-Latin America Trade: Recent Trends Summary J. F. Hornbeck Specialist in International Trade and Finance Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division Since congressional

More information

Symposium on Preferential Trade Agreements and Inclusive Trade: Latin American cases

Symposium on Preferential Trade Agreements and Inclusive Trade: Latin American cases Symposium on Preferential Trade Agreements and Inclusive Trade: Latin American cases José Durán Lima Chief, Regional Integration Unit Division of International Trade and Integration, ECLAC Bangkok, December

More information

Charting South Korea s Economy, 1H 2017

Charting South Korea s Economy, 1H 2017 Charting South Korea s Economy, 1H 2017 Designed to help executives interpret economic numbers and incorporate them into company s planning. Publication Date: January 3 rd, 2017 Next Issue: To be published

More information

Charting Indonesia s Economy, 1H 2017

Charting Indonesia s Economy, 1H 2017 Charting Indonesia s Economy, 1H 2017 Designed to help executives interpret economic numbers and incorporate them into company s planning. Publication Date: January 3 rd, 2017 Next Issue: To be published

More information

U.S.-Latin America Trade: Recent Trends

U.S.-Latin America Trade: Recent Trends Order Code 98-840 Updated January 2, 2008 U.S.-Latin America Trade: Recent Trends Summary J. F. Hornbeck Specialist in International Trade and Finance Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division Since

More information

Charting Singapore s Economy, 1H 2017

Charting Singapore s Economy, 1H 2017 Charting Singapore s Economy, 1H 2017 Designed to help executives interpret economic numbers and incorporate them into company s planning. Publication Date: January 3 rd, 2017 Next Issue: To be published

More information

Measuring Democracy in Latin America: The Fitzgibbon Index PHILIP KELLY

Measuring Democracy in Latin America: The Fitzgibbon Index PHILIP KELLY Chapter One Measuring Democracy in Latin America: The Fitzgibbon Index PHILIP KELLY In 1945 Professor Russell Fitzgibbon, a UCLA political scientist, asked a panel of ten distinguished U.S. scholars to

More information

DEMOGRAPHIC AND CULTURAL DATA OF LATIN AMERICA AND THE HISPANIC CARIBBEAN. (Complementary information compiled by the Conference Coordinators)

DEMOGRAPHIC AND CULTURAL DATA OF LATIN AMERICA AND THE HISPANIC CARIBBEAN. (Complementary information compiled by the Conference Coordinators) DEMOGRAPHIC AND CULTURAL DATA OF LATIN AMERICA AND THE HISPANIC CARIBBEAN (Complementary information compiled by the Conference Coordinators) The purpose of this complementary document is to show some

More information

OPERATIONAL HIGHLIGHTS

OPERATIONAL HIGHLIGHTS OPERATIONAL HIGHLIGHTS UNHCR welcomed significant improvements in refugee protection in North America. In Canada, the introduction of the Balanced Refugee Reform Act, which establishes a Refugee Appeal

More information

Globalization, economic growth, employment and poverty. The experiences of Chile and Mexico

Globalization, economic growth, employment and poverty. The experiences of Chile and Mexico Globalization, economic growth, employment and poverty. The experiences of Chile and Mexico Alicia Puyana FLACSO Paper presented at the Conference on Globalization and Employment: Global Shocks, Structural

More information

ECLAC CONTRIBUTION FOR THE REGIONAL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MADRID INTERNATIONAL PLAN OF ACTION ON AGEING ( )

ECLAC CONTRIBUTION FOR THE REGIONAL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MADRID INTERNATIONAL PLAN OF ACTION ON AGEING ( ) ECLAC CONTRIBUTION FOR THE REGIONAL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MADRID INTERNATIONAL PLAN OF ACTION ON AGEING (2008-2010) This report was prepared by the Latin American and Caribbean Demographic Centre (CELADE)

More information

Combating poverty and hunger

Combating poverty and hunger THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS: A LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN PERSPECTIVE Chapter II Combating poverty and hunger The first Millennium Development Goal is to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. While

More information

Mapping Enterprises in Latin America and the Caribbean 1

Mapping Enterprises in Latin America and the Caribbean 1 Enterprise Surveys e Mapping Enterprises in Latin America and the Caribbean 1 WORLD BANK GROUP LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN SERIES NOTE NO. 1 1/213 Basic Definitions surveyed in 21 and how they are

More information

Citizen Fears of Terrorism in the Americas 1

Citizen Fears of Terrorism in the Americas 1 AmericasBarometer Insights: 2010 (No. 46)* Citizen Fears of Terrorism in the Americas 1 Elizabeth J. Zechmeister, Vanderbilt University Daniel Montalvo, Vanderbilt University Jennifer L. Merolla, Claremont

More information

Americas. The WORKING ENVIRONMENT REGIONAL SUMMARIES

Americas. The WORKING ENVIRONMENT REGIONAL SUMMARIES REGIONAL SUMMARIES The Americas WORKING ENVIRONMENT In 2016, UNHCR worked in the Americas region to address challenges in responding to the needs of increasing numbers of displaced people, enhancing the

More information

Chapter Nine. Regional Economic Integration

Chapter Nine. Regional Economic Integration Chapter Nine Regional Economic Integration Introduction 9-3 One notable trend in the global economy in recent years has been the accelerated movement toward regional economic integration - Regional economic

More information

THAILAND SYSTEMATIC COUNTRY DIAGNOSTIC Public Engagement

THAILAND SYSTEMATIC COUNTRY DIAGNOSTIC Public Engagement THAILAND SYSTEMATIC COUNTRY DIAGNOSTIC Public Engagement March 2016 Contents 1. Objectives of the Engagement 2. Systematic Country Diagnostic (SCD) 3. Country Context 4. Growth Story 5. Poverty Story 6.

More information

Changes in income, education and health inequality over the last 20 years: evidence from Latin America, sub-saharan Africa and South Asia

Changes in income, education and health inequality over the last 20 years: evidence from Latin America, sub-saharan Africa and South Asia 2016 UNDP Human Development Report BACKGROUND PAPER Changes in income, education and health inequality over the last 20 years: evidence from Latin America, sub-saharan Africa and South Asia By Giovanni

More information

United States Regional and Bilateral Trade Agreements

United States Regional and Bilateral Trade Agreements United States Regional and Bilateral Trade Agreements Agricultural Trade and Policy Reform: Where is the Action? A Workshop on the Current State of Multilateral, Bilateral and Unilateral Policy Discussions

More information

AmericasBarometer Insights: 2010 (No.34) * Popular Support for Suppression of Minority Rights 1

AmericasBarometer Insights: 2010 (No.34) * Popular Support for Suppression of Minority Rights 1 Canada), and a web survey in the United States. 2 A total of 33,412 respondents were asked the following question: Figure 1. Average Support for Suppression of Minority Rights in the Americas, 2008 AmericasBarometer

More information

Children on the Run: An Analysis of First-Hand Accounts from Children Fleeing Central America

Children on the Run: An Analysis of First-Hand Accounts from Children Fleeing Central America Children on the Run: An Analysis of First-Hand Accounts from Children Fleeing Central America March 12, 2014 Migration Policy Institute @MigrationPolicy @UNHCRdc 2013 Migration Policy Institute Regional

More information

Migration and Developing Countries

Migration and Developing Countries Migration and Developing Countries Jeff Dayton-Johnson Denis Drechsler OECD Development Centre 28 November 2007 Migration Policy Institute Washington DC International migration and developing countries

More information

Emerging Market Consumers: A comparative study of Latin America and Asia-Pacific

Emerging Market Consumers: A comparative study of Latin America and Asia-Pacific Emerging Market Consumers: A comparative study of Latin America and Asia-Pacific Euromonitor International ESOMAR Latin America 2010 Table of Contents Emerging markets and the global recession Demographic

More information

HUMAN RESOURCES IN R&D

HUMAN RESOURCES IN R&D HUMAN RESOURCES IN R&D This fact sheet presents the latest UIS S&T data available as of July 2011. Regional density of researchers and their field of employment UIS Fact Sheet, August 2011, No. 13 In the

More information

How Distance Matters: Comparing the Causes and Consequence of Emigration from Mexico and Peru

How Distance Matters: Comparing the Causes and Consequence of Emigration from Mexico and Peru How Distance Matters: Comparing the Causes and Consequence of Emigration from Mexico and Peru Ayumi Takenaka & Karen A. Pren May 2008 Latino migrants are heterogeneous Latino migrants are heterogeneous

More information

URBAN POVERTY AND MOBILITY IN INDONESIA

URBAN POVERTY AND MOBILITY IN INDONESIA URBAN POVERTY AND MOBILITY IN INDONESIA Indonesia has undergone rapid urbanisation in the last half century, and this is expected to continue over the next two decades Millions 197 75 8 85 9 95 2 5 1 15

More information

Commission on Equity and Health Inequalities in the Americas

Commission on Equity and Health Inequalities in the Americas Commission on Equity and Health Inequalities in the Americas Professor Sir Michael Marmot Health equity Summit Cuernavaca 14 November 2017 @MichaelMarmot Commission on Equity and Health Inequalities in

More information

UNLOCKING GROWTH AND PROSPERITY. The Global Rule of Law and Business Dashboard 2017

UNLOCKING GROWTH AND PROSPERITY. The Global Rule of Law and Business Dashboard 2017 UNLOCKING GROWTH AND PROSPERITY The Global Rule of Law and Business Dashboard 2017 The U.S. Chamber of Commerce is the world s largest business federation representing the interests of more than 3 million

More information

Doing business in Latin America: What makes it different?

Doing business in Latin America: What makes it different? Doing business in Latin America: What makes it different? Günter Müller-Stewens in: IAM Newsletter, Number 5, 2014 In the shadow of the Asian economic miracle, the social change in and economic growth

More information

Forum on Global Violence Prevention May 12, 2016 Keck Center Arturo Cervantes, MD

Forum on Global Violence Prevention May 12, 2016 Keck Center Arturo Cervantes, MD Forum on Global Violence Prevention May 12, 2016 Keck Center Arturo Cervantes, MD Nothing new around the sun 1. Rudolf Virchow, 1850 s 2. Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948 3. Health for all,

More information

Overview of UNHCR s operations in the Americas

Overview of UNHCR s operations in the Americas Executive Committee of the High Commissioner s Programme 19 September 2017 English Original: English and French Sixty-eighth session Geneva, 2-6 October 2017 Overview of UNHCR s operations in the Americas

More information

ACHIEVING THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS WITH EQUALITY IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN: PROGRESS AND CHALLENGES

ACHIEVING THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS WITH EQUALITY IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN: PROGRESS AND CHALLENGES ACHIEVING THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS WITH EQUALITY IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN: PROGRESS AND CHALLENGES 5 Chapter I THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND THE EQUALITY AGENDA FOR LATIN AMERICA

More information

Non-Tariff Measures to Trade Economic and Policy Issues for Developing countries.

Non-Tariff Measures to Trade Economic and Policy Issues for Developing countries. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development Non-Tariff Measures to Trade Economic and Policy Issues for Developing countries. Prepared for the WTO workshop: The Effects of NTMs on the Exports of

More information

REPORT OF THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL WORKING GROUP ON THE MULTILATERAL EVALUATION MECHANISM (MEM)

REPORT OF THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL WORKING GROUP ON THE MULTILATERAL EVALUATION MECHANISM (MEM) 0 FIFTH MEETING OF THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL OEA/Ser.L./XIV.4.5 WORKING GROUP ON THE MULTILATERAL CICAD/MEM/doc.13/99 rev.1 EVALUATION MECHANISM (MEM) 17 June 1999 May 3-5, 1999 Original: Spanish Washington,

More information

Latin America Public Security Index 2013

Latin America Public Security Index 2013 June 01 Latin America Security Index 01 Key 1 (Safe) (Dangerous) 1 El Salvador Honduras Haiti Mexico Dominican Republic Guatemala Venezuela Nicaragua Brazil Costa Rica Bolivia Panama Ecuador Paraguay Uruguay

More information

LATIN AMERICA 2013 GLOBAL REPORT UNHCR

LATIN AMERICA 2013 GLOBAL REPORT UNHCR LATIN AMERICA 2013 GLOBAL REPORT Argentina Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Ecuador El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Mexico Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Uruguay Venezuela

More information

Taiwan s Development Strategy for the Next Phase. Dr. San, Gee Vice Chairman Taiwan External Trade Development Council Taiwan

Taiwan s Development Strategy for the Next Phase. Dr. San, Gee Vice Chairman Taiwan External Trade Development Council Taiwan Taiwan s Development Strategy for the Next Phase Dr. San, Gee Vice Chairman Taiwan External Trade Development Council Taiwan 2013.10.12 1 Outline 1. Some of Taiwan s achievements 2. Taiwan s economic challenges

More information

Americas. The WORKING ENVIRONMENT

Americas. The WORKING ENVIRONMENT REGIONAL SUMMARIES The Americas WORKING ENVIRONMENT The region is at the forefront of durable solutions, with more refugees resettled in the Americas than in any other region of the world. More than 80,000

More information

CONSENSUS FORECAST. Myanmar April Contributors MYANMAR 2 CALENDAR 4 NOTES 6

CONSENSUS FORECAST. Myanmar April Contributors MYANMAR 2 CALENDAR 4 NOTES 6 CONSENSUS FORECAST April 215 MYANMAR 2 CALENDAR 4 NOTES 6 PUBLICATION DATE 24 March 215 FORECASTS COLLECTED 18 March - 23 March 215 INFORMATION AVAILABLE Up to and including 23 March 215 NEXT EDITION 28

More information

Economic Freedom and Transparency in Latin America:

Economic Freedom and Transparency in Latin America: Economic Freedom and Transparency in Latin America: Measuring Corruption Power Parity (CPP) Second Report by Pedro Isern This report is divided in two parts: firstly, it relates the index of economic freedom

More information

LATIN AMERICA REGIONAL PROGRAMMING DOCUMENT

LATIN AMERICA REGIONAL PROGRAMMING DOCUMENT EUROPEAN COMMISSION LATIN AMERICA REGIONAL PROGRAMMING DOCUMENT 2007-2013 12.07.2007 (E/2007/1417) 2 INDEX EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1 INTRODUCTION 3 1. The objectives of the European Union s regional development

More information

National Security Affairs Office Foreign Travel Files Vice President Quayle

National Security Affairs Office Foreign Travel Files Vice President Quayle George Bush Presidential Library 1000 George Bush Drive West College Station, TX 77845 phone: (979) 691-4041 fax: (979) 691-4030 http://bushlibrary.tamu.edu library.bush@nara.gov Inventory for FOIA Request

More information

SOUTHERN CONE OF SOUTH AMERICA

SOUTHERN CONE OF SOUTH AMERICA SOUTHERN CONE OF SOUTH AMERICA REGIONAL PROGRAMMES CHF 3,637,000 Programme No. 01.20/98 The Regional Delegation (RD) has been working with the National Societies (NSs) of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay

More information

The Multidimensional Financial Inclusion MIFI 1

The Multidimensional Financial Inclusion MIFI 1 2016 Report Tracking Financial Inclusion The Multidimensional Financial Inclusion MIFI 1 Financial Inclusion Financial inclusion is an essential ingredient of economic development and poverty reduction

More information

RETHINKING GLOBAL POVERTY MEASUREMENT

RETHINKING GLOBAL POVERTY MEASUREMENT RETHINKING GLOBAL POVERTY MEASUREMENT Working Paper number 93 April, 2012 Khalid Abu-Ismail and Gihan Abou Taleb United Nations Development Programme, Regional Centre in Cairo (UNDP-RCC) Racha Ramadan

More information

Presentation prepared for the event:

Presentation prepared for the event: Presentation prepared for the event: Inequality in a Lower Growth Latin America Monday, January 26, 2015 Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars Washington, D.C. Inequality in LAC: Explaining

More information

A Global View of Entrepreneurship Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2012

A Global View of Entrepreneurship Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2012 A Global View of Entrepreneurship Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2012 Donna Kelley, Babson College REITI Workshop Tokyo Japan January 21, 2001 In 2012, its 14 th year, GEM surveyed 198,000 adults in 69

More information

Contemporary Latin American Politics Jonathan Hartlyn UNC-Chapel Hill. World View and others March 2010

Contemporary Latin American Politics Jonathan Hartlyn UNC-Chapel Hill. World View and others March 2010 Contemporary Latin American Politics Jonathan Hartlyn UNC-Chapel Hill World View and others March 2010 Outline I. Broad regional trends and challenges: Democracy, Development, Drugs and violence. II. U.S.-Latin

More information

ECLAC. The context. Priorities, achievements and proposals

ECLAC. The context. Priorities, achievements and proposals ECLAC The context Priorities, achievements and proposals ECLAC and its mission Founded in 1948 44 Member States and 12 Associate 2 subregional offices 4 national offices 1 liaison office To function as

More information

HOW ECONOMIES GROW AND DEVELOP Macroeconomics In Context (Goodwin, et al.)

HOW ECONOMIES GROW AND DEVELOP Macroeconomics In Context (Goodwin, et al.) Chapter 17 HOW ECONOMIES GROW AND DEVELOP Macroeconomics In Context (Goodwin, et al.) Chapter Overview This chapter presents material on economic growth, such as the theory behind it, how it is calculated,

More information

Democracy in Latin America 4

Democracy in Latin America 4 Democracy in Latin America 4 -(,).9 co 100 (,) C100 en M0~ 0- c.. 00. 0. 0E(1) 100..c > ~.8 e Costa Rica Uruguay e.7,; evenezuela Argentina.6.5 Honduras e Panama Mexico e Chile.4 e Ecuador Colombia eel

More information

Figure 1. Trend in the number of left, right and centre governments in 18 Latin American countries,

Figure 1. Trend in the number of left, right and centre governments in 18 Latin American countries, Democracy and Income Inequality: Latin America during the Left Decade of the 2000s by Giovanni Andrea Cornia and Bruno Martorano, University of Florence 1. Introduction Starting from the early 2000s, Latin

More information

Millennium Profiles Demographic & Social Energy Environment Industry National Accounts Trade. Social indicators. Introduction Statistics

Millennium Profiles Demographic & Social Energy Environment Industry National Accounts Trade. Social indicators. Introduction Statistics 1 of 5 10/2/2008 10:16 AM UN Home Department of Economic and Social Affairs Economic and Social Development Home UN logo Statistical Division Search Site map About us Contact us Millennium Profiles Demographic

More information

By Nicolás Lloreda-Ricaurte Ambassador of Colombia Retired Heads of Mission Association (RHOMA), Feb. 15th 2017

By Nicolás Lloreda-Ricaurte Ambassador of Colombia Retired Heads of Mission Association (RHOMA), Feb. 15th 2017 COLOMBIA S TRANSFORMATION AND STATE OF THE PEACE PROCESS By Nicolás Lloreda-Ricaurte Ambassador of Colombia Retired Heads of Mission Association (RHOMA), Feb. 15th 2017 http://www.lawg.org/ourpublications/76/1635

More information

APPENDIX 1: MEASURES OF CAPITALISM AND POLITICAL FREEDOM

APPENDIX 1: MEASURES OF CAPITALISM AND POLITICAL FREEDOM 1 APPENDIX 1: MEASURES OF CAPITALISM AND POLITICAL FREEDOM All indicators shown below were transformed into series with a zero mean and a standard deviation of one before they were combined. The summary

More information

International Visitation to the United States: A Statistical Summary of U.S. Visitation (2011)

International Visitation to the United States: A Statistical Summary of U.S. Visitation (2011) U. S. Depar tment of Commerce International Trade Administration Manufac turing and Ser vices Ser vices Office of Travel and Tourism Industries International Visitation to the United States: A Statistical

More information

GLOBAL RISKS OF CONCERN TO BUSINESS WEF EXECUTIVE OPINION SURVEY RESULTS SEPTEMBER 2017

GLOBAL RISKS OF CONCERN TO BUSINESS WEF EXECUTIVE OPINION SURVEY RESULTS SEPTEMBER 2017 GLOBAL RISKS OF CONCERN TO BUSINESS WEF EXECUTIVE OPINION SURVEY RESULTS SEPTEMBER 2017 GLOBAL RISKS OF CONCERN TO BUSINESS Results from the World Economic Forum Executive Opinion Survey 2017 Survey and

More information

Trump, Immigration Policy and the Fate of Latino Migrants in the United States

Trump, Immigration Policy and the Fate of Latino Migrants in the United States Trump, Immigration Policy and the Fate of Latino Migrants in the United States Manuel Orozco Trump s stated course of action is a frontal attack on all of the problems that he says have made America weak.

More information

WHAT IS THE REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON WOMEN IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN?

WHAT IS THE REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON WOMEN IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN? WHAT IS THE REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON WOMEN IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN? What is the Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean? The Regional Conference on Women in Latin America

More information

Incarceration Data: Selected Comparisons

Incarceration Data: Selected Comparisons Incarceration Data: Selected Comparisons Charles Patton III Race/Ethnicity: Multidisciplinary Global Contexts, Volume 2, Number 1, Autumn 2008, pp. 151-156 (Article) Published by Indiana University Press

More information

Shared Prosperity. and Poverty Eradication in. Latin America and the Caribbean CONFERENCE EDITION

Shared Prosperity. and Poverty Eradication in. Latin America and the Caribbean CONFERENCE EDITION CONFERENCE EDITION Shared Prosperity and Poverty Eradication in Latin America and the Caribbean Louise Cord, Maria Eugenia Genoni, and Carlos Rodríguez-Castelán, editors CONFERENCE EDITION Shared Prosperity

More information

Pro-Tempore Chairmanship CHILE

Pro-Tempore Chairmanship CHILE Pro-Tempore Chairmanship CHILE The SCM began, with the technical cooperation of the IOM, in Lima, specifically with the South American Encounter about Migrations, Integration and Development taken place

More information

Duration of Stay... 3 Extension of Stay... 3 Visa-free Countries... 4

Duration of Stay... 3 Extension of Stay... 3 Visa-free Countries... 4 Table of Contents Entry Requirements for Tourists Duration of Stay... 3 Extension of Stay... 3 Visa-free Countries... 4 Visa Guide General Visa Exemptions... 5 Additional Exemptions... 5 Instructions for

More information

Geoterm and Symbol Definition Sentence. consumption. developed country. developing country. gross domestic product (GDP) per capita

Geoterm and Symbol Definition Sentence. consumption. developed country. developing country. gross domestic product (GDP) per capita G E O T E R M S Read Sections 1 and 2. Then create an illustrated dictionary of the Geoterms by completing these tasks: Create a symbol or an illustration to represent each term. Write a definition of

More information

National Travel and Tourism Office

National Travel and Tourism Office U.S. Department of Commerce International Trade Administration National Travel and Tourism Office International Visitation to the United States: A Statistical Summary of U.S. Visitation (2015 P ) International

More information

Macroeconomics+ World+Distribu3on+of+Income+ XAVIER+SALA=I=MARTIN+(2006)+ ECON+321+

Macroeconomics+ World+Distribu3on+of+Income+ XAVIER+SALA=I=MARTIN+(2006)+ ECON+321+ Macroeconomics+ World+Distribu3on+of+Income+ XAVIER+SALA=I=MARTIN+(26)+ ECON+321+ Ques3ons+ Do+you+have+any+percep3ons+that+existed+ before+reading+this+paper+that+have+been+ altered?++ What+are+your+thoughts+about+the+direc3on+of+

More information

R A M Ó N P A D I L L A P É R E Z

R A M Ó N P A D I L L A P É R E Z R A M Ó N P A D I L L A P É R E Z PERSONAL DETAILS Nationality: Mexican/Spanish (dual nationality) Phone number: (52) 55 41705664 E-mail: ramon.padilla@cepal.org ACADEMIC BACKGROUND October 2003 - September

More information

Poverty. Chapter 8. Key findings. Introduction

Poverty. Chapter 8. Key findings. Introduction 157 Chapter 8 Poverty Key findings Households of lone mothers with young children are more likely to be poor than households of lone fathers with young children. Women are more likely to be poor than men

More information

Public Opinion Trends in Latin America (and the U.S.): How Strong is Support for Markets, Democracy, and Regional Integration?

Public Opinion Trends in Latin America (and the U.S.): How Strong is Support for Markets, Democracy, and Regional Integration? TIN AMERICA PARTNERSHIP FOR THE AMERICAS COMMISSION Background Document BD-01 Public Opinion Trends in Latin America (and the U.S.): How Strong is Support for Markets, Democracy, and Regional Integration?

More information

Development, Politics, and Inequality in Latin America and East Asia

Development, Politics, and Inequality in Latin America and East Asia Institutions in Context: Inequality Development, Politics, and Inequality in Latin America and East Asia Inyoung Cho DPhil student Department of Politics and International Relations University of Oxford

More information

Determinants of International Migration

Determinants of International Migration 1 / 18 Determinants of International Migration Evidence from United States Diversity Visa Lottery Keshar M Ghimire Temple University, Philadelphia. DEMIG Conference 2014, Oxford. Outline 2 / 18 Motivation/objective

More information

Democracy and Income Inequality: Measurement and Modeling of the Western Hemispheric Experience

Democracy and Income Inequality: Measurement and Modeling of the Western Hemispheric Experience Boise State University ScholarWorks Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations Department of Political Science 1-1-2011 Democracy and Income Inequality: Measurement and Modeling of the Western

More information

EXTRA-REGIONAL MIGRATION

EXTRA-REGIONAL MIGRATION South American Migration Report No. 2-217 RECENT EXTRA-REGIONAL, INTRA-REGIONAL AND EXTRA-CONTINENTAL MIGRATION TRENDS IN SOUTH AMERICA EXTRA-REGIONAL MIGRATION In recent years, there has been an increase

More information

The Status of Democracy in Trinidad and Tobago: A citizens view. March 15 th, 2010 University of West Indies

The Status of Democracy in Trinidad and Tobago: A citizens view. March 15 th, 2010 University of West Indies . The Status of Democracy in Trinidad and Tobago: A citizens view March 15 th, 2010 University of West Indies Sample Design Methodology Face-to-face interviews by trained interviewers National probability

More information

THE VOICE OF THE COMMUNITIES OF LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN

THE VOICE OF THE COMMUNITIES OF LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN THE VOICE OF THE COMMUNITIES OF LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN TOWARDS THE WORLD HUMANITARIAN SUMMIT (WHS) Report of the Survey under the Consultation with the Affected Communities of Latin America and

More information

Should We Be Alarmed That One-in-Four U.S. Citizens Believes. Justifiable?

Should We Be Alarmed That One-in-Four U.S. Citizens Believes. Justifiable? Should We Be Alarmed That One-in-Four U.S. Citizens Believes a Military Take-Over Can Be Justifiable? Elizabeth J. Zechmeister Vanderbilt University liz.zechmeister@vanderbilt.edu January 9, 2018 Approximately

More information

Chapter VIII THE INTERNATIONAL INTEGRATION OF LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN AND DEVELOPMENT FINANCING

Chapter VIII THE INTERNATIONAL INTEGRATION OF LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN AND DEVELOPMENT FINANCING 285 Chapter VIII THE INTERNATIONAL INTEGRATION OF LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN AND DEVELOPMENT FINANCING Goal Targets Indicators Goal 8 Develop a global partnership for development Target 8.A Develop

More information

Report. Transparency International Global Corruption Barometer 2005

Report. Transparency International Global Corruption Barometer 2005 Report on the Transparency International Global Corruption Barometer 2005 Embargoed until 9 December 2005 Release date: 9 December 2005 Policy and Research Department Transparency International International

More information

SECOND SUMMIT OF THE AMERICAS Santiago Declaration April 18-19, 1998

SECOND SUMMIT OF THE AMERICAS Santiago Declaration April 18-19, 1998 SECOND SUMMIT OF THE AMERICAS Santiago Declaration April 18-19, 1998 The following document is the complete text of the Declaration of Santiago signed by the Heads of State and Government participating

More information

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Human Development Report 2013 The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World Explanatory note on 2013 HDR composite indices Venezuela (Bolivarian HDI values and rank changes in the 2013 Human

More information

Deconstructing the Decline in Inequality in Latin America

Deconstructing the Decline in Inequality in Latin America Public Disclosure Authorized Policy Research Working Paper 6552 WPS6552 Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized Deconstructing the Decline in Inequality in Latin America Nora Lustig Luis

More information

Economic Mobility and the Rise of the Latin American Middle Class

Economic Mobility and the Rise of the Latin American Middle Class Economic Mobility and the Rise of the Latin American Middle Class 2012 Flagship Report Chief Economist Office, Latin America and the Caribbean Francisco Ferreira Julian Messina Jamele Rigolini Luis Felipe

More information

AmericasBarometer Insights: 2014 Number 108

AmericasBarometer Insights: 2014 Number 108 AmericasBarometer Insights: 2014 Number 108 The Political Culture of Democracy in the Americas, 2014: Democratic Governance across 10 Years of the AmericasBarometer Executive Summary By Elizabeth J. liz.zechmeister@vanderbilt.edu

More information

Latin American growth fuels need for talent, but from where?

Latin American growth fuels need for talent, but from where? WHITE PAPER JANUARY 2015 Latin American growth fuels need for talent, but from where? Developing economies need talent to come home BY MANNY CORSINO, MANAGING DIRECTOR, MIAMI AND MEXICO CITY Immigration

More information

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES. The European Union and Latin America: Global Players in Partnership {SEC(2009) 1227}

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES. The European Union and Latin America: Global Players in Partnership {SEC(2009) 1227} COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES Brussels, COM(2009) 495/3 COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL The European Union and Latin America: Global Players in Partnership

More information

UNWTO Commission for the Middle East Thirty-ninth meeting Cairo, Egypt, 14 September 2014 Provisional agenda item 3

UNWTO Commission for the Middle East Thirty-ninth meeting Cairo, Egypt, 14 September 2014 Provisional agenda item 3 UNWTO Commission for the Middle East Thirty-ninth meeting Cairo, Egypt, 14 September 2014 Provisional agenda item 3 CME/39/3 Madrid, 20 June 2014 Original: English 3. Report of the Secretary-General Introduction

More information