The new demographic and social challenges in Spain: the aging process and the immigration

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The new demographic and social challenges in Spain: the aging process and the immigration"

Transcription

1 International Geographical Union Commission GLOBAL CHANGE AND HUMAN MOBILITY The 4th International Conference on Population Geographies The Chinese University of Hong Kong (10-13 July 2007) The new demographic and social challenges in Spain: the aging process and the immigration Josefina Domínguez Mujica Raquel Guerra Talavera Research Group Social and Economic Geography University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain)

2 New times, new demographic trends Demographic processes affect different world regions in different and often opposite ways. From the point of view of demographic transition and population structures, it is possible to establish eight large groups of countries according to their different levels of demographic evolution. Demographic database per geographical area ( ) REGION % of population under the age of 15 % of population over the age of 65 Total fertility rate Child death rates Japan Europe U.S.A., Canada, Australia & New Zealand China Latin America Southern and Southeast Asia Western Asia and North of Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Source: Personal compilation based on data from the United Nations Population Division (World Population Prospects: The 2002 Revision).

3 New times, new demographic trends The most relevant characteristic of current international migrations is precisely the extremely high number of countries of origin, transit and destination involved, which means that a world map of migratory movements would display a strong trend towards the diversification of routes and of origin-destination connections.

4 Spain's demographic peculiarities within the European model From an interregional perspective, two dividing lines might be identified within Europe: one that separates western from eastern Europe, and another more subtle one that divides North and South western Europe. Since the 1990s the first one is drawn by the rise in child death rates and by the fall in life expectancy in most of the former soviet bloc countries. Within the second region, Mediterranean countries (Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece ) displayed high fertility and demographic growth rates until the 1980s, in comparison to lower rates in Central and North European countries. However, in the last fifteen years the situation has been inverted and it is the countries in southern Europe that show the lowest synthetic fertility rates and, consequently, a greater aging pace, while in the north of Western Europe fertility rates are higher and the demographic aging has slowed down.

5 Spain's demographic peculiarities within the European model European Union Population Database (Projected crude rates over the period ) COUNTRY* Natural change Net migration Growth Bulgaria Latvia Romania Estonia Lithuania Hungary Czech Republic Poland Slovakia Slovenia Germany Denmark Finland Austria Belgium United Kingdom Netherlands France Sweden Ireland Luxembourg Italy Portugal Greece Spain Source: Personal compilation based on data from Eurostat (Long-term population projections at regional level. Statistics in focus. 28/2007). *Cyprus and Malta have been excluded on account of their special condition as island-states.

6 Spain's demographic peculiarities within the European model In Italy, Spain, Portugal and Greece, their roles as lands of emigration have diminished, whereas their roles as lands of immigration have became more pronounced.

7 A rapid and profound aging process The sharp drop in the general death and child death rates, the resulting longer longevity and the steep decline in fertility rates have favored the intensity of the demographic transition in Spain. Overmortality among the older male population ubfertility during the Spanish Civil War ( ) Postwar baby oom ( ) Impact of the migration on the swollen cohorts of young adults Gradual decline in the birth rates since 1975 Slight recovery in birth rates

8 The fertility and the demographic effects of the aging In Spain, the fall in fertility levels has been accompanied by a considerable delay in the average age of maternity, the verticalization of families and the destandardization of the patterns of young people s emancipation. Four different generations at the same family

9 Spain as a destination of international immigration The Spanish rate of net migration has been very high over the last few years, as a consequence of the attraction posed by its level of socio-economic development and its geostrategical location. Evolution of population according to nationality EVOLUTION INDEXED EVOLUTION (1996 = 100) Nationality Nationality YEAR Total population Spanish Foreign % foreign population Total population Spanish Foreign ,669,392 39,127, , ,852,650 39,215, , ,202,158 39,453, , ,499,790 39,575, , ,116,842 39,746,185 1,370, ,837,894 39,859,950 1,977, ,717,064 40,044,468 2,672, ,197,684 40,163,358 3,034, ,108,530 40,377,920 3,730, ,708,964 40,564,798 4,144, Source: Domínguez, J. et al., 2007.

10 New immigration patterns Spain is subject to the globalization of migration. It is affected by the current trend towards multidirectional simultaneous migratory flows. This map illustrates the origin and dimension of foreign population in Spain in 2006.

11 Demographic decline and renewal Thanks to immigration, Spain has recovered its population growth and birth rate. This is an effect known as substitution or replacement migration. The total increase in births was partly due to immigration, i.e. to the fertility of foreign mothers. As far as their contribution to the age structure is concerned, in the 25 to 34 years age group, immigrants play an important role and they are also beginning to play a greater more relevant role among the youngest age groups, both because of the processes of family reunion and because of the foreign women's contribution to the fertility rate. With regard to the death rate, it stays low on account of the rejuvenation of the population caused by immigration.

12 The labour market and a new system of transfers In the last years, immigrants have made increase in the number of economically active Spanish population and they help to sustain economic sectors that are vital for the development of the Spanish economy, as for example intensive farming, domestic service, and the building, hotel trade and commercial sectors. Intensive farming Tourism Building sector Domestic service

13 The labour market and a new system of transfers By accepting less skilled jobs, foreign immigrants have favored the dependency of young Spaniards, who delay their incorporation to the labour market in the hope of better job opportunities. Immigrants take up low-skilled jobs in the farming sector Spanish students sitting a university entrance exam

14 The labour market and a new system of transfers Over a third of the 12 percent increase in Spanish women's activity rate during the last decade is due to the phenomenon of immigration. For many Spanish women, the conciliation between job and family is achieved partially by means of the externalization of some domestic tasks and the care of dependants. President of an association of businesswomen An elderly Spanish woman's Colombian carer

15 The labour market and a new system of transfers It is estimated that in 2005 immigrants generated a direct surplus of about 5,000 million euros, 0.5% of Spain's GDP. This amounts to half of the total surplus of the Spanish Public Administration that year and it notably makes up for the effects of the process of demographic aging that causes a growing demand for retirement pensions and other health and assistance expenses. The latest studies suggest that 30% of the GDP's growth during the last decade is due to the process of immigration, and this percentage rises to 50% if only the last five years are taken into account. Immigration and population aging are factors or indicators that may act as explanatory variables for the changes in the Spanish labour market.

16 The impact of the demographic changes on the education structure In Spain, the fall in the fertility rate and the insufficient generational replacement has brought about a decline in the child population. In the other hand, the evolution of foreign students in Spain since 1993/1994 has been constant and since that school year there has been a remarkable rise of 765% to

17 Future perspectives of demographic evolution in Spain The aging of the Spanish population is practically an irreversible process, and that immigration can only delay it to a limited extent, among other reasons because the reproductive conduct of immigrant women in the future remains uncertain. As a consequence, the aging process will over the medium run (from 2025 to 2050) bring about an acute crisis caused by the interaction of the baby boom of the 1960s and 70s and the baby bust of the 1980s and beginning of the 90s.

18 Future perspectives of demographic evolution in Spain In an increasingly globalized world, it has become very difficult to make projections regarding migration matters. As far as migrations in the near future are concerned, as has happened with Spain over the last few years, some countries currently regarded as sending countries, like those immigrants in Spain come from (Morocco, Libya), could become receptor countries and not just countries of transit. The economic development of Eastern Europe might transform these states into receptor countries, changing their population balance. And the same may be said of some Latin American or Asian countries. Moreover, it is possible that the epicenter of world economy might shift towards Asia, with the competition of different countries of emerging economies (like China, for instance), towards which international migration flows from Asia or Africa might be redirected.

19 Conclusions The close relationship between immigration and demographic aging in Spain is of a junctural nature. After 2015, the forecast fall in the birth rate will bring about a negative natural growth, which will reproduce a situation in which Spain almost found itself in the first half of the 1990s, when the arrival of immigrants and their favorable effect on birth rates altered the scenario. From a demographic point of view, immigration has brought about a delay in the aging process while at the same time having a definite effect on the labour market (the incorporation of women to the labour market and a rise in the level of skilled jobs for nationals).

20 International Geographical Union Commission GLOBAL CHANGE AND HUMAN MOBILITY The 4th International Conference on Population Geographies The Chinese University of Hong Kong (10-13 July 2007) The new demographic and social challenges in Spain: the aging process and the immigration Josefina Domínguez Mujica Raquel Guerra Talavera Thanks you very much for your attention Research Group Social and Economic Geography University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain)

STATISTICAL REFLECTIONS

STATISTICAL REFLECTIONS World Population Day, 11 July 217 STATISTICAL REFLECTIONS 18 July 217 Contents Introduction...1 World population trends...1 Rearrangement among continents...2 Change in the age structure, ageing world

More information

Migration and Demography

Migration and Demography Migration and Demography Section 2.2 Topics: Demographic Trends and Realities Progressively Ageing Populations Four Case Studies Demography and Migration Policy Challenges Essentials of Migration Management

More information

European Union Passport

European Union Passport European Union Passport European Union Passport How the EU works The EU is a unique economic and political partnership between 28 European countries that together cover much of the continent. The EU was

More information

Identification of the respondent: Fields marked with * are mandatory.

Identification of the respondent: Fields marked with * are mandatory. Towards implementing European Public Sector Accounting Standards (EPSAS) for EU Member States - Public consultation on future EPSAS governance principles and structures Fields marked with are mandatory.

More information

TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN SEPTEMBER 2015

TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN SEPTEMBER 2015 TRIPS OF BULGARIAN RESIDENTS ABROAD AND ARRIVALS OF VISITORS FROM ABROAD TO BULGARIA IN SEPTEMBER 2015 In September 2015, the number of the trips of Bulgarian residents abroad was 450.9 thousand (Annex,

More information

Territorial indicators for policy purposes: NUTS regions and beyond

Territorial indicators for policy purposes: NUTS regions and beyond Territorial indicators for policy purposes: NUTS regions and beyond Territorial Diversity and Networks Szeged, September 2016 Teodora Brandmuller Regional statistics and geographical information unit,

More information

Education Quality and Economic Development

Education Quality and Economic Development Education Quality and Economic Development Eric A. Hanushek Stanford University Bank of Israel Jerusalem, June 2017 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Development = Growth Growth = Skills Conclusions

More information

VISA POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

VISA POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN VISA POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN Country Diplomatic Service National Term of visafree stay CIS countries 1 Azerbaijan visa-free visa-free visa-free 30 days 2 Kyrgyzstan visa-free visa-free visa-free

More information

Population and Migration Estimates

Population and Migration Estimates 22 September 2009 Components of population growth Population and Migration Estimates April 2009 Natural increase Net migration 80 60 40 20 0 Year ending April 2008 April 2009 Natural increase 44,600 45,100

More information

Standard Note: SN/SG/6077 Last updated: 25 April 2014 Author: Oliver Hawkins Section Social and General Statistics

Standard Note: SN/SG/6077 Last updated: 25 April 2014 Author: Oliver Hawkins Section Social and General Statistics Migration Statistics Standard Note: SN/SG/6077 Last updated: 25 April 2014 Author: Oliver Hawkins Section Social and General Statistics The number of people migrating to the UK has been greater than the

More information

Monthly Inbound Update June th August 2017

Monthly Inbound Update June th August 2017 Monthly Inbound Update June 217 17 th August 217 1 Contents 1. About this data 2. Headlines 3. Journey Purpose: June, last 3 months, year to date and rolling twelve months by journey purpose 4. Global

More information

The proportion of the UK population aged under 16 dropped below the proportion over state pension age for the first time in (Table 1.

The proportion of the UK population aged under 16 dropped below the proportion over state pension age for the first time in (Table 1. Population In 2007, there were 6.0 million people resident in the UK, an increase of almost 400,000 (0.6 per cent) on 2006, equivalent to an average increase of around,000 people a day. (Table.) Chapter

More information

Asylum Trends. Appendix: Eurostat data

Asylum Trends. Appendix: Eurostat data Asylum Trends Appendix: Eurostat data Contents Colophon 2 First asylum applications in Europe (EU, Norway and Switzerland) Monthly asylum applications in the EU, Norway and Switzerland 3 First asylum applications

More information

Asylum Trends. Appendix: Eurostat data

Asylum Trends. Appendix: Eurostat data Asylum Trends Appendix: Eurostat data Contents Colophon 2 First asylum applications in Europe (EU, Norway and Switzerland) Monthly asylum applications in the EU, Norway and Switzerland 3 First asylum applications

More information

Population and Migration Estimates

Population and Migration Estimates An Phríomh-Oifig Staidrimh Central Statistics Office 21 September 2010 Components of population growth Population and Migration Estimates April 2010 Natural increase Net migration 80 60 40 20 0 Year ending

More information

IMMIGRATION, ASYLUM AND NATIONALITY ACT 2006 INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES

IMMIGRATION, ASYLUM AND NATIONALITY ACT 2006 INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES - 1 - IMMIGRATION, ASYLUM AND NATIONALITY ACT 2006 INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES As an employer, we have a responsibility to ensure that each prospective employee is eligible to work in the United Kingdom,

More information

Asylum Trends. Appendix: Eurostat data

Asylum Trends. Appendix: Eurostat data Asylum Trends Appendix: Eurostat data Contents Colophon 2 First asylum applications in Europe (, Norway and Switzerland) Monthly asylum applications in the, Norway and Switzerland 3 First asylum applications

More information

2014 BELGIAN FOREIGN TRADE

2014 BELGIAN FOREIGN TRADE 2014 BELGIAN FOREIGN TRADE 2 3 01 \\ EXPORTS 6 1.1 Geographical developments 1.2 Sectoral developments 02 \\ IMPORTS 14 2.1 Geographical developments 2.2 Sectoral developments 03 \\ GEOGRAPHICAL TRADE

More information

Romania's position in the online database of the European Commission on gender balance in decision-making positions in public administration

Romania's position in the online database of the European Commission on gender balance in decision-making positions in public administration Romania's position in the online database of the European Commission on gender balance in decision-making positions in public administration Comparative Analysis 2014-2015 Str. Petofi Sandor nr.47, Sector

More information

Postings under Statutory Instrument and Bilateral Agreements

Postings under Statutory Instrument and Bilateral Agreements Social Welfare Services Postings under Statutory Instrument 312-96 and Bilateral Agreements RETENTION OF AN EMPLOYEE TO IRISH SOCIAL INSURANCE LEGISLATION FOR A TEMPORARY POSTING OUTSIDE THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC

More information

On aid orphans and darlings (Aid Effectiveness in aid allocation by respective donor type)

On aid orphans and darlings (Aid Effectiveness in aid allocation by respective donor type) On aid orphans and darlings (Aid Effectiveness in aid allocation by respective donor type) Sven Tengstam, March 3, 2017 Extended Abstract Introduction The Paris agenda assumes that the effectiveness of

More information

European Parliament Eurobarometer (EB79.5) ONE YEAR TO GO UNTIL THE 2014 EUROPEAN ELECTIONS Institutional Part ANALYTICAL OVERVIEW

European Parliament Eurobarometer (EB79.5) ONE YEAR TO GO UNTIL THE 2014 EUROPEAN ELECTIONS Institutional Part ANALYTICAL OVERVIEW Directorate-General for Communication Public Opinion Monitoring Unit Brussels, 21 August 2013. European Parliament Eurobarometer (EB79.5) ONE YEAR TO GO UNTIL THE 2014 EUROPEAN ELECTIONS Institutional

More information

GERMANY, JAPAN AND INTERNATIONAL PAYMENT IMBALANCES

GERMANY, JAPAN AND INTERNATIONAL PAYMENT IMBALANCES Articles Articles Articles Articles Articles CENTRAL EUROPEAN REVIEW OF ECONOMICS & FINANCE Vol. 2, No. 1 (2012) pp. 5-18 Slawomir I. Bukowski* GERMANY, JAPAN AND INTERNATIONAL PAYMENT IMBALANCES Abstract

More information

POPULATION AND MIGRATION

POPULATION AND MIGRATION POPULATION AND MIGRATION POPULATION TOTAL POPULATION FERTILITY DEPENDENT POPULATION POPULATION BY REGION ELDERLY POPULATION BY REGION INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION IMMIGRANT AND FOREIGN POPULATION TRENDS IN

More information

SKILLS, MOBILITY, AND GROWTH

SKILLS, MOBILITY, AND GROWTH SKILLS, MOBILITY, AND GROWTH Eric Hanushek Ludger Woessmann Ninth Biennial Federal Reserve System Community Development Research Conference April 2-3, 2015 Washington, DC Commitment to Achievement Growth

More information

Belgium s foreign trade

Belgium s foreign trade Belgium s FIRST 9 months Belgium s BELGIAN FOREIGN TRADE AFTER THE FIRST 9 MONTHS OF Analysis of the figures for (first 9 months) (Source: eurostat - community concept*) After the first nine months of,

More information

Migration and the European Job Market Rapporto Europa 2016

Migration and the European Job Market Rapporto Europa 2016 Migration and the European Job Market Rapporto Europa 2016 1 Table of content Table of Content Output 11 Employment 11 Europena migration and the job market 63 Box 1. Estimates of VAR system for Labor

More information

1. Why do third-country audit entities have to register with authorities in Member States?

1. Why do third-country audit entities have to register with authorities in Member States? Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) Form A Annex to the Common Application Form for Registration of Third-Country Audit Entities under a European Commission Decision 2008/627/EC of 29 July 2008 on transitional

More information

2016 Europe Travel Trends Report

2016 Europe Travel Trends Report 2016 Europe Travel Trends Report One-third of worldwide travellers report1 they ll spend more on travel in 2016 than the year previous. Of those big spenders, Europeans dominate the list, with Switzerland,

More information

REFUGEES AND ASYLUM SEEKERS, THE CRISIS IN EUROPE AND THE FUTURE OF POLICY

REFUGEES AND ASYLUM SEEKERS, THE CRISIS IN EUROPE AND THE FUTURE OF POLICY REFUGEES AND ASYLUM SEEKERS, THE CRISIS IN EUROPE AND THE FUTURE OF POLICY Tim Hatton University of Essex (UK) and Australian National University Noise from America Firenze 11-12 June 2016 Introduction

More information

The Social State of the Union

The Social State of the Union The Social State of the Union Prof. Maria Karamessini, Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences, Athens, Greece President and Governor of the Public Employment Agency of Greece EuroMemo Group

More information

Commonwealth of Australia. Migration Regulations CLASSES OF PERSONS (Subparagraphs 1236(1)(a)(ii), 1236(1)(b)(ii) and 1236(1)(c)(ii))

Commonwealth of Australia. Migration Regulations CLASSES OF PERSONS (Subparagraphs 1236(1)(a)(ii), 1236(1)(b)(ii) and 1236(1)(c)(ii)) Commonwealth of Australia Migration Regulations 1994 CLASSES OF PERSONS (Subparagraphs 1236(1)(a)(ii), 1236(1)(b)(ii) and 1236(1)(c)(ii)) I, SOPHIE MONTGOMERY, Delegate of the Minister for Immigration,

More information

EU Regulatory Developments

EU Regulatory Developments EU Regulatory Developments Robert Pochmarski Postal and Online Services CERP Plenary, 24/25 May 2012, Beograd/Београд Implementation Market Monitoring Green Paper International Dimension 23/05/2012 Reminder

More information

in an emigration-immigration country -

in an emigration-immigration country - Demographic and economic challenges in an emigration-immigration country - the case of Poland Paweł Kaczmarczyk Centre of Migration Research University of Warsaw Driving forces behind demographic trends

More information

THE NOWADAYS CRISIS IMPACT ON THE ECONOMIC PERFORMANCES OF EU COUNTRIES

THE NOWADAYS CRISIS IMPACT ON THE ECONOMIC PERFORMANCES OF EU COUNTRIES THE NOWADAYS CRISIS IMPACT ON THE ECONOMIC PERFORMANCES OF EU COUNTRIES Laura Diaconu Maxim Abstract The crisis underlines a significant disequilibrium in the economic balance between production and consumption,

More information

Myanmar Visa on Arrival

Myanmar Visa on Arrival Myanmar Visa on Arrival Types of Visa, Fees and Duration Types of Visa Fees Duration BUSINESS VISA US$ 50 70 days ENTRY VISA (Meetings / Workshops / Events) US$ 40 28 days TRANSIT VISA US$ 20 24 hours

More information

Public consultation on the EU s labour migration policies and the EU Blue Card

Public consultation on the EU s labour migration policies and the EU Blue Card Case Id: a37bfd2d-84a1-4e63-8960-07e030cce2f4 Date: 09/07/2015 12:43:44 Public consultation on the EU s labour migration policies and the EU Blue Card Fields marked with * are mandatory. 1 Your Contact

More information

STATE OF THE WORLD S TOURISM STATISTICS D. C. Frechtling, George Washington University Tad Hara, University of Central Florida

STATE OF THE WORLD S TOURISM STATISTICS D. C. Frechtling, George Washington University Tad Hara, University of Central Florida 1lite STATE OF THE WORLD S TOURISM STATISTICS 2013 PRESENTED TO THE 13 TH MEETING OF THE UNWTO COMMITTEE ON STATISTICS AND TOURISM SATELLITE ACCOUNT 2 JULY 2013 D. C. Frechtling, George Washington University

More information

WILL CHINA S SLOWDOWN BRING HEADWINDS OR OPPORTUNITIES FOR EUROPE AND CENTRAL ASIA?

WILL CHINA S SLOWDOWN BRING HEADWINDS OR OPPORTUNITIES FOR EUROPE AND CENTRAL ASIA? ECA Economic Update April 216 WILL CHINA S SLOWDOWN BRING HEADWINDS OR OPPORTUNITIES FOR EUROPE AND CENTRAL ASIA? Maurizio Bussolo Chief Economist Office and Asia Region April 29, 216 Bruegel, Brussels,

More information

Labor Market Laws and Intra-European Migration

Labor Market Laws and Intra-European Migration European Journal of Population manuscript No. (will be inserted by the editor) Labor Market Laws and Intra-European Migration The Role of the State in Shaping Destination Choices ONLINE APPENDIX Table

More information

SPANISH NATIONAL YOUTH GUARANTEE IMPLEMENTATION PLAN ANNEX. CONTEXT

SPANISH NATIONAL YOUTH GUARANTEE IMPLEMENTATION PLAN ANNEX. CONTEXT 2013 SPANISH NATIONAL YOUTH 2013 GUARANTEE IMPLEMENTATION PLAN ANNEX. CONTEXT 2 Annex. Context Contents I. Introduction 3 II. The labour context for young people 4 III. Main causes of the labour situation

More information

Labour mobility within the EU - The impact of enlargement and the functioning. of the transitional arrangements

Labour mobility within the EU - The impact of enlargement and the functioning. of the transitional arrangements Labour mobility within the EU - The impact of enlargement and the functioning of the transitional arrangements Tatiana Fic, Dawn Holland and Paweł Paluchowski National Institute of Economic and Social

More information

Improving the measurement of the regional and urban dimension of well-being

Improving the measurement of the regional and urban dimension of well-being Improving the measurement of the regional and urban dimension of well-being 4 th OECD World Forum, lunchtime seminar 19 October 2012 Walter Radermacher, Chief Statistician of the EU Walter Radermacher

More information

Proposal for a new repartition key

Proposal for a new repartition key EUROPEAN UNION OF MEDICAL SPECIALISTS Kroonlaan 20 Avenue de la Couronne tel: +32-2-649.51.64 B-1050 - BRUSSELS fax: +32-2-640.37.30 www.uems.net uems@skynet.be D 0505 en Proposal for a new repartition

More information

THE RECAST EWC DIRECTIVE

THE RECAST EWC DIRECTIVE THE RECAST EWC DIRECTIVE EWC regulations : three legal documents the directives 1994/45 and 2009/38 transposition into national legislation your agreement 2 2009/38? agreements signed after 5.06.2011 non-modified

More information

After the crisis: what new lessons for euro adoption?

After the crisis: what new lessons for euro adoption? After the crisis: what new lessons for euro adoption? Zsolt Darvas Croatian Parliament 15 November 2017, Zagreb Background and questions Among the first 15 EU member states, Mediterranean countries experienced

More information

TISPOL PERSPECTIVES TO THE EUROPEAN ROAD SAFETY HOW TO SAVE LIVES AND REDUCE INJURIES ON EUROPEAN ROADS?

TISPOL PERSPECTIVES TO THE EUROPEAN ROAD SAFETY HOW TO SAVE LIVES AND REDUCE INJURIES ON EUROPEAN ROADS? TISPOL PERSPECTIVES TO THE EUROPEAN ROAD SAFETY HOW TO SAVE LIVES AND REDUCE INJURIES ON EUROPEAN ROADS? Police Road Safety Seminar Finland, 28th October 2015 Egbert-Jan van Hasselt Commissioner of Police,

More information

Annual Report on Asylum and Migration Statistics 2004 and European Migration Network

Annual Report on Asylum and Migration Statistics 2004 and European Migration Network Annual Report on Asylum and Migration Statistics 2004 and 2005 produced by the European Migration Network September 2008 This EMN Synthesis Report summarises the main findings for the years 2004 and 2005

More information

Determinants of the Trade Balance in Industrialized Countries

Determinants of the Trade Balance in Industrialized Countries Determinants of the Trade Balance in Industrialized Countries Martin Falk FIW workshop foreign direct investment Wien, 16 Oktober 2008 Motivation large and persistent trade deficits USA, Greece, Portugal,

More information

2nd Ministerial Conference of the Prague Process Action Plan

2nd Ministerial Conference of the Prague Process Action Plan English version 2nd Ministerial Conference of the Prague Process Action Plan 2012-2016 Introduction We, the Ministers responsible for migration and migration-related matters from Albania, Armenia, Austria,

More information

CO3.6: Percentage of immigrant children and their educational outcomes

CO3.6: Percentage of immigrant children and their educational outcomes CO3.6: Percentage of immigrant children and their educational outcomes Definitions and methodology This indicator presents estimates of the proportion of children with immigrant background as well as their

More information

Contributions to UNHCR For Budget Year 2014 As at 31 December 2014

Contributions to UNHCR For Budget Year 2014 As at 31 December 2014 1 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1,280,827,870 2 EUROPEAN UNION 271,511,802 3 UNITED KINGDOM 4 JAPAN 5 GERMANY 6 SWEDEN 7 KUWAIT 8 SAUDI ARABIA *** 203,507,919 181,612,466 139,497,612 134,235,153 104,356,762

More information

Citizens awareness and perceptions of EU regional policy

Citizens awareness and perceptions of EU regional policy Flash Eurobarometer 298 The Gallup Organization Flash Eurobarometer European Commission Citizens awareness and perceptions of EU regional policy Fieldwork: June 1 Publication: October 1 This survey was

More information

Evolution of the European Union, the euro and the Eurozone Sovereign Debt Crisis

Evolution of the European Union, the euro and the Eurozone Sovereign Debt Crisis Evolution of the European Union, the euro and the Eurozone Sovereign Debt Crisis Brexit? Dr. Julian Gaspar, Executive Director Center for International Business Studies & Clinical Professor of International

More information

Italy Luxembourg Morocco Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania

Italy Luxembourg Morocco Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania 1. Label the following countries on the map: Albania Algeria Austria Belgium Bulgaria Czechoslovakia Denmark East Germany Finland France Great Britain Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Luxembourg Morocco

More information

Intergenerational solidarity and gender unbalances in aging societies. Chiara Saraceno

Intergenerational solidarity and gender unbalances in aging societies. Chiara Saraceno Intergenerational solidarity and gender unbalances in aging societies Chiara Saraceno Dependency rates of children to young adults and of elderly to middle aged adults: divergent paths. Europe 1950-210

More information

Table A.1. Jointly Democratic, Contiguous Dyads (for entire time period noted) Time Period State A State B Border First Joint Which Comes First?

Table A.1. Jointly Democratic, Contiguous Dyads (for entire time period noted) Time Period State A State B Border First Joint Which Comes First? Online Appendix Owsiak, Andrew P., and John A. Vasquez. 2016. The Cart and the Horse Redux: The Timing of Border Settlement and Joint Democracy. British Journal of Political Science, forthcoming. Appendix

More information

Taiwan s Development Strategy for the Next Phase. Dr. San, Gee Vice Chairman Taiwan External Trade Development Council Taiwan

Taiwan s Development Strategy for the Next Phase. Dr. San, Gee Vice Chairman Taiwan External Trade Development Council Taiwan Taiwan s Development Strategy for the Next Phase Dr. San, Gee Vice Chairman Taiwan External Trade Development Council Taiwan 2013.10.12 1 Outline 1. Some of Taiwan s achievements 2. Taiwan s economic challenges

More information

The Outlook for EU Migration

The Outlook for EU Migration Briefing Paper 4.29 www.migrationwatchuk.com Summary 1. Large scale net migration is a new phenomenon, having begun in 1998. Between 1998 and 2010 around two thirds of net migration came from outside the

More information

Data Protection Regulations (DPR)

Data Protection Regulations (DPR) Data Protection Regulations (DPR) Consolidated Version No.2 In force on 23.12.2012 CONTENTS The contents of this module are divided into the following chapters, sections and appendices: 1. INTRODUCTION...

More information

For example, some EU countries would cooperate in the areas of:

For example, some EU countries would cooperate in the areas of: ECONOMICS ECONOMIC RESEARCH June 23, 216 No. 632 Towards a European Union "à la carte"? The debate in the United Kingdom on a Brexit and the debates in different European countries on the respective role

More information

Commonalities and Differences in Labour Market Developments and Constraints in Different EU Regions

Commonalities and Differences in Labour Market Developments and Constraints in Different EU Regions No. 22, February 2012 Barbara Tocco, Sophia Davidova and Alastair Bailey Commonalities and Differences in Labour Market Developments and Constraints in Different EU Regions ABSTRACT This paper provides

More information

Management Systems: Paulo Sampaio - University of Minho. Pedro Saraiva - University of Coimbra PORTUGAL

Management Systems: Paulo Sampaio - University of Minho. Pedro Saraiva - University of Coimbra PORTUGAL Management Systems: A Path to Organizational Sustainability Paulo Sampaio - University of Minho paulosampaio@dps.uminho.ptuminho pt Pedro Saraiva - University of Coimbra pas@eq.uc.pt PORTUGAL Session learning

More information

BUSINESS CYCLES AND ECONOMIC RECOVERY IN EUROPEAN UNION. A SURVEY

BUSINESS CYCLES AND ECONOMIC RECOVERY IN EUROPEAN UNION. A SURVEY BUSINESS CYCLES AND ECONOMIC RECOVERY IN EUROPEAN UNION. A SURVEY MĂRGINEAN Silvia Abstract: This paper explores the evolution of the European Union economy during the last contraction, between and. Assuming

More information

EUROBAROMETER 72 PUBLIC OPINION IN THE EUROPEAN UNION. Autumn The survey was requested and coordinated by Directorate-General Communication

EUROBAROMETER 72 PUBLIC OPINION IN THE EUROPEAN UNION. Autumn The survey was requested and coordinated by Directorate-General Communication Standard Eurobarometer EUROBAROMETER 72 PUBLIC OPINION IN THE EUROPEAN UNION Autumn 2009 NATIONAL REPO Standard Eurobarometer 72 / Autumn 2009 TNS Opinion & Social UNITED KINGDOM The survey was requested

More information

Factsheet on rights for nationals of European states and those with an enforceable Community right

Factsheet on rights for nationals of European states and those with an enforceable Community right Factsheet on rights for nationals of European states and those with an enforceable Community right Under certain circumstances individuals who are exempt persons can benefit from the provisions of the

More information

HOW EQUIPPED ARE THE EUROPEAN WELFARE STATES FOR THE DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION?

HOW EQUIPPED ARE THE EUROPEAN WELFARE STATES FOR THE DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION? Professur für Policy Analyse und Politische Wirtschaftslehre Prof. Dr. Daniel Buhr Bildquellen: de.de; Abendblatt; zdnet Bildquellen: de.de; Abendblatt; zdnet HOW EQUIPPED ARE THE EUROPEAN WELFARE STATES

More information

Britain s Population Exceptionalism within the European Union

Britain s Population Exceptionalism within the European Union Britain s Population Exceptionalism within the European Union Introduction The United Kingdom s rate of population growth far exceeds that of most other European countries. This is particularly problematic

More information

Global Harmonisation of Automotive Lighting Regulations

Global Harmonisation of Automotive Lighting Regulations Transmitted by the expert from GTB Informal document GRE-68-10 (68th GRE, 16-18 October 2012) agenda item 19(a)) Global Harmonisation of Automotive Lighting Regulations This discussion document has been

More information

OECD expert meeting hosted by the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research Oslo, Norway 2-3 June 2008 ICTs and Gender Pierre Montagnier

OECD expert meeting hosted by the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research Oslo, Norway 2-3 June 2008 ICTs and Gender Pierre Montagnier OECD expert meeting hosted by the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research Oslo, Norway 2-3 June 28 ICTs and Gender Pierre Montagnier 1 Conceptual framework Focus of this presentation ECONOMY CONSUMPTION

More information

The impact of international patent systems: Evidence from accession to the European Patent Convention

The impact of international patent systems: Evidence from accession to the European Patent Convention The impact of international patent systems: Evidence from accession to the European Patent Convention Bronwyn H. Hall (based on joint work with Christian Helmers) Why our paper? Growth in worldwide patenting

More information

Delegations will find attached Commission document C(2008) 2976 final.

Delegations will find attached Commission document C(2008) 2976 final. COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION Brussels, 30 June 2008 (02.07) (OR. fr) 11253/08 FRONT 62 COMIX 533 COVER NOTE from: Secretary-General of the European Commission, signed by Mr Jordi AYET PUIGARNAU, Director

More information

This refers to the discretionary clause where a Member State decides to examine an application even if such examination is not its responsibility.

This refers to the discretionary clause where a Member State decides to examine an application even if such examination is not its responsibility. 2.6. Dublin Information collected by Eurostat is the only comprehensive publicly available statistical data source that can be used to analyse and learn about the functioning of Dublin system in Europe.

More information

Comparing the Wealth of Nations. Emily Lin

Comparing the Wealth of Nations. Emily Lin Comparing the Wealth of Nations Emily Lin What is HDI? What is GDP? What are some of the ways to rank countries economically? Developed vs Developing vs Least Developed GDP GDP per Capita Each method has

More information

The integration of immigrants and legal paths to mobility to the EU:

The integration of immigrants and legal paths to mobility to the EU: 25 January 2017 The integration of immigrants and legal paths to mobility to the EU: Some surprising (and encouraging) facts Elspeth Guild, Sergio Carrera and Ngo Chun Luk The integration of immigrants

More information

Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol

Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol Article 1: Amendment A. Annex B to the Kyoto Protocol The following table shall replace the table in Annex B to the Protocol: 1 2 3 4 5 6 (2008 2012) base year or (2013

More information

EU Trade Mark Application Timeline

EU Trade Mark Application Timeline EU Trade Mark Application Timeline EU Trade Marks, which cover the entire EU, are administered by the Office for Harmonisation in the Internal Market (OHIM). The timeline below gives approximate timescale

More information

Challenges for Baltics as for the Eurozone countries having Advanced Economy status

Challenges for Baltics as for the Eurozone countries having Advanced Economy status Challenges for Baltics as for the Eurozone countries having Advanced Economy status 4th European High-level Panel Discussion on Banking Vilnius, February 4, 216 Bas B. Bakker Senior Regional Resident Representative

More information

EU Innovation strategy

EU Innovation strategy EU Innovation strategy In principle fine, in particular recognising EU s limited powers Much is left to Member States, but they disappointed in Finland Good points: Links between research and markets Education

More information

ENRI - Research Memo 07/2018. Why Europe Matters. Vegard Johansen Stine Kvamme

ENRI - Research Memo 07/2018. Why Europe Matters. Vegard Johansen Stine Kvamme ENRI - Research Memo 07/2018 Why Europe Matters by Vegard Johansen Stine Kvamme The Eastern Norway Research Institute was established in 1984. Since 2011 the institute has been organized as a corporation

More information

HUMAN RESOURCES IN R&D

HUMAN RESOURCES IN R&D HUMAN RESOURCES IN R&D This fact sheet presents the latest UIS S&T data available as of July 2011. Regional density of researchers and their field of employment UIS Fact Sheet, August 2011, No. 13 In the

More information

INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION FLOWS TO AND FROM SELECTED COUNTRIES: THE 2008 REVISION

INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION FLOWS TO AND FROM SELECTED COUNTRIES: THE 2008 REVISION E c o n o m i c & S o c i a l A f f a i r s INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION FLOWS TO AND FROM SELECTED COUNTRIES: THE 2008 REVISION CD-ROM DOCUMENTATION United Nations POP/DB/MIG/Flow/Rev.2008 Department of Economic

More information

The Conference Board Total Economy Database Summary Tables November 2016

The Conference Board Total Economy Database Summary Tables November 2016 The Conference Board Total Economy Database Summary Tables November 2016 About This document contains a number of tables and charts outlining the most important trends from the latest update of the Total

More information

Introduction to the European Agency. Cor J.W. Meijer, Director. European Agency for Development in Special Needs Education

Introduction to the European Agency. Cor J.W. Meijer, Director. European Agency for Development in Special Needs Education Introduction to the European Agency Cor J.W. Meijer, Director European Agency for Development in Special Needs Education The Agency 17th year of operations 1996 - established as an initiative of the Danish

More information

French minister knocks EU expansion

French minister knocks EU expansion www.breaking News English.com Ready-to-use ESL / EFL Lessons French minister knocks EU expansion URL: http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/0506/050628-sarkozy-e.html Today s contents The Article 2 Warm-ups

More information

Overview of JODI Gas Milestones and Beta Test Launch

Overview of JODI Gas Milestones and Beta Test Launch 3 rd Gas Data Transparency Conference 4-5 June 2013, Bali, Indonesia Overview of JODI Gas Milestones and Beta Test Launch Yuichiro Torikata Energy Analyst International Energy Forum Extending the JODI

More information

HAPPINESS, HOPE, ECONOMIC OPTIMISM

HAPPINESS, HOPE, ECONOMIC OPTIMISM HAPPINESS, HOPE, ECONOMIC OPTIMISM Gallup International Association opinion poll in 66 countries across the globe December, 2016 Disclaimer: Gallup International Association or its members are not related

More information

INFORMATION FOR PEOPLE WHO ARE NOT GERMAN IF YOU WANT TO COME TO GERMANY FOR A VOLUNTARY SOCIAL SERVICE THIS TEXT HAS IMPORTANT INFORMATION FOR YOU.

INFORMATION FOR PEOPLE WHO ARE NOT GERMAN IF YOU WANT TO COME TO GERMANY FOR A VOLUNTARY SOCIAL SERVICE THIS TEXT HAS IMPORTANT INFORMATION FOR YOU. INFORMATION FOR PEOPLE WHO ARE NOT GERMAN IF YOU WANT TO COME TO GERMANY FOR A VOLUNTARY SOCIAL SERVICE THIS TEXT HAS IMPORTANT INFORMATION FOR YOU. July 8, 2015 You can find more information about Voluntary

More information

INTERNATIONAL KEY FINDINGS

INTERNATIONAL KEY FINDINGS 17 5 45 INTERNATIONAL KEY FINDINGS 8 4 WWW.MIPEX.EU Key findings 00 nearly 20 million residents (or 4) are noneu citizens The loweducated make up 37 of workingage noneu immigrants in EU Employment rates

More information

OECD Strategic Education Governance A perspective for Scotland. Claire Shewbridge 25 October 2017 Edinburgh

OECD Strategic Education Governance A perspective for Scotland. Claire Shewbridge 25 October 2017 Edinburgh OECD Strategic Education Governance A perspective for Scotland Claire Shewbridge 25 October 2017 Edinburgh CERI overview What CERI does Generate forward-looking research analyses and syntheses Identify

More information

Inclusion and Gender Equality in China

Inclusion and Gender Equality in China Inclusion and Gender Equality in China 12 June 2017 Disclaimer: The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Asian Development

More information

Chapter 9. Regional Economic Integration

Chapter 9. Regional Economic Integration Chapter 9 Regional Economic Integration Global Talent Crunch The Global Talent Crunch Over the next decade, it is estimated that the growth in demand for collegeeducated talent will exceed the growth in

More information

Trends in international higher education

Trends in international higher education Trends in international higher education 1 Schedule Student decision-making Drivers of international higher education mobility Demographics Economics Domestic tertiary enrolments International postgraduate

More information

Visas and volunteering

Visas and volunteering Visas and volunteering This information sheets contains detailed information on how the visa someone has affects their ability to volunteer. It therefore covers who can and can t volunteer or undertake

More information

INFORMATION LEAFLET - Cross-border placement of children Placement of children abroad by German courts and authorities general advice

INFORMATION LEAFLET - Cross-border placement of children Placement of children abroad by German courts and authorities general advice INFORMATION LEAFLET - Cross-border placement of children Placement of children abroad by German courts and authorities general advice 1. EU Member States a) Consultation and consent procedure If the German

More information

Global Trends in Location Selection Final results for 2005

Global Trends in Location Selection Final results for 2005 Global Business Services Plant Location International Global Trends in Location Selection Final results for 2005 September, 2006 Global Business Services Plant Location International 1. Global Overview

More information

Is this the worst crisis in European public opinion?

Is this the worst crisis in European public opinion? EFFECTS OF THE ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CRISIS ON EUROPEAN PUBLIC OPINION Is this the worst crisis in European public opinion? Since 1973, Europeans have held consistently positive views about their country

More information

PRESS RELEASE. NON-RESIDENTS ARRRIVALS FROM ABROAD: January - December 2014

PRESS RELEASE. NON-RESIDENTS ARRRIVALS FROM ABROAD: January - December 2014 HELLENIC REPUBLIC HELLENIC STATISTICAL AUTHORITY PRESS RELEASE Piraeus, 7 April 2015 NON-RESIDENTS ARRRIVALS FROM ABROAD: January - December 2014 According to the Frontier Statistical Survey conducted

More information

"Migration, Labor Markets and the Economic Integration of Migrants in Western Europe"

Migration, Labor Markets and the Economic Integration of Migrants in Western Europe "Migration, Labor Markets and the Economic Integration of Migrants in Western Europe" Rainer Münz Senior Fellow, HWWI Head of Research, Erste Group Workshop Migration in the European Union Vienna, Nov

More information

An introduction to inequality in Europe

An introduction to inequality in Europe An introduction to inequality in Europe Tackling inequalities in Europe: the role of social investment Disclaimer The findings, interpretations and conclusions expressed here are those of the authors and

More information