1 United Nations Security Council Distr.: General 2 1 August 2'006 Original: English Letter dated 22 August 2006 from the Acting Chairman of the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1373 (2001) concerning counter-terrorism addressed to the President of the Security Council The Counter-Terrorism Committee has received the attached report of the Netherlands submitted pursuant to resolution 1624 (2005) (see annex). I would be grateful if you could arrange for the present letter and its annex to be circulated as a document of the Security Council. (Signed) Adamantios Th. Vassilakis Acting Chairman Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1373 (2001) concerning counter-terrorism
2 Annex Letter dated 16 August 2006 from the ChargC d'affaires a.i. of the Permanent Mission of the Netherlands addressed to the Chairman of the Counter-Terrorism Committee I am writing you in your capacity as Chairman of the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1373 (2001) concerning counterterrorism. On the instruction of my Government, I have the honour to submit to you the report of the Kingdom of The Netherlands on the implementation of resolution 1624 (2005) (see enclosure). The Netherlands understands and appreciates that this report will be circulated as a document of the Security Council. I would like to take this opportunity to reiterate the great appreciation of the Netherlands Government for the close cooperation with the Committee and to reaffirm our commitment to providing the Committee with any additional information that it deems necessary or may request. (Signed) Arjan Ham burger Charge d'affaires a.i.
3 Enclosure ' Implementation of Secu rpty C~aarrcil resolution 1624 '(2005) Response of the Netherlands to the Couater-Terrorism Committee's questions 1 1 What measures daes the Nlothdanda have In place to prohibit by law and to pravaftt lrtcltemant b eammit a trttratlart act ar acts? What Hany, are under tmn~ld&tarkr~'l Since the Impimesntatsan af the EU Councl Fnmewsrk Deci~lan d 23 June 2002 on combatilng terrorism, a number of crlrnee, when carvrrnitfed with terrorist ttem, am defined ete tetrarist offeness wder the wiminlal taw of the Natherlancls. Although there IS no bpecfffc pr6vislm airnlnrlls~g the incitement of tcsmrtst mt~, such inrret6msnt mn nawrtftateas k punished on the bersie of a mare general provision: 8rtiala 131 af the Crtmlnal Code is a blmkat crlrnfnrliaatlon d inuritemt ta cammlt any criminal offence or act of violsntx against the publlo aukhorfue&; thiar rieo covers hcbment to terrorirrt acts, For tnalt#bmmt to occur, tha offence or act incltd need not aoturlty take pace, A parson found guilty of ln~itemrsnt ir Ikbk to Imprlwnment far up tb five years and/or to a fine. in PKidltltlOn ta hi8, are.undar way to ratlfy the 2005 Caunctl of Europe Convention on ths Prevantian of Terrorism. Pafllclpatltlpvl In an argantlsaabur wfth terrorit& eimls h tlrtmlnafld by article 140% whloh was added to the Crlrnl~i Cacla when the Crimes of Temriarn Act an3ed into farm on 10 August 2004, This A& imolernmta the, EU Caunoll F nmwark Wsbn of 13 June 2002 on wmbett1ng terrorism, Under the new warding of article 83, telroht &&nwnr hrc=iu&, but are not lhnlted to, 'ordinary' crlrptebs ammittad wlth tmrf~t afmes. Wde 8% g w an to define the meaning of 't&rrarl$t alms', Here toa, the undsrlyirrg princtple is that mare patkipation In a criminal (in fill$ cam tenorf8t) orgisniaatkn is a crimlnri offence. th6itbmlsfit i$ ccrlrntnailmd by artkis 131; the pc~~swdrr of inflammatory IRe#tslture is ortminaild by article 132 and the l$ming of thm~1b by article 285. Incdtamsnt to hatred, dlsorirninration or vioiarrcat Is orirnfnrrii& by rrtide f376. A~Ucls 2:26 of the'cml Code makm it powfblet to ban or dirwsohra, hgal pmns whose activities are ~~ntraty to public policy andlor natfanarl sem~rity. In blffd/fim, Iegitbtidn is in
4 1.2 WtMt dam the Nethtrr)ra-n&r bktt tcr $my wtct hsvbn to any punens witti WMWect ta whm th&w Is crrrdlble and mlclvrnt I~famr~tlon giving sarlsrwr maram far considering that th6y havu baen gullty of fnowrnent to~carnmlt r tarrrorlst act or JIotrr??'a'pmnt p m a with 'tarrarfd aim& from mkhg rajuge in thc country, the ~Nethrlrand~ ha6 lmlroduorsd a broad of rnrra$ure~a, h a. rule, persans making to ~tay In the caunhy far km thm thrw moms mu& have a vslld vim. In addition, thew lndlvldublla 8hhauld nm porn e darrge# to publilrs palley a national eewti, %a poliq of ths Netherimdr, which is rcsgularted at EU and Schetngm Iwel, la erxptaiflrjd further On tha~ answer to quwlon 1.3, Foreign rrpltiarralsr lntandlng to 8iay In the Netherland8 for longer than Wad manther must habe et valid r&#ldanoa, pennit, The Alhna Act of ths Netherlands &ipubtes that allerns who pew a danger to publtc? polloy or national murky arb ineiigible for a permit, This WetrninsNon is mws ~ the l l bws of m afflctiet ram by the GIenenl Intaltlgmw and 5awrity Sawb talw), though If the lndlvfduart In question ha been donvieted of a wimlmll offmm, the aavwity af tha sentence Mil rlhso bet taken Into amount. Also rcsfwant in thu mtext ia the denram Canvention ralatirtg to the 8tms of R&gees. Under adcl~, IF, the provisitmu of the Conwsntlon wlli not apply to any pasun with mpeot to whom there are odow reasons for considering Wt he or she has carnrnitted war crimes, arimaai against hwmanlty ar other wrtouer offence$, Gum persons win be deporfed, prwidrtd that their axpulslan ie not in vlolatl6n of inbwnattonal tr~tlats, parflouisrly artials 3 ofthe European Convention sin Human Right$, under whlch no one may be Ueporfed to o munhy wherca he or she run$ i reat flak of bering wbjerclcad to inhuman tmrrhnsnt or torture. '", ~, >, 4 71rs law afthrrr Netherland8 alm rsillrrwrr for tho aptfan d temlnatlng the residence of Isgal aliens wha haw oamrnlttad act8 of the type merntlonad above, In general, the termln~~on of residsnoy raquinb er rninlstsriel deaisfcrn dsci~ring the person an undwlmbk siican and banning hlm or her from territory of the NethsrlarWe for e number of years. The purpose af.the 8- step 18 to prevent Me sllttn h m returning to the Nstherlonds fcrlfwlng expuitrlon,.*t& f~~~m!,r!.r)l~.m,~nl!ndmi~4!i~n$td,tn~-~m,!!b~lslfl-na him,wmr-u?d~s!ra!?h. (
5 aspend on the seipliamnw$.crf Ms afenwrarr carnmm&, tha twihtx;ari - (% my) and the length d the far whlch he w she we$ lagrally rssldent In the Wa~rlancbi?aM~f'&phr Hw brr-the Warlansi1) aoapanate with a W Strnkro lrr rp~wlng ttra rrcurlty at tts bordem with a vlaw k, prswenttng &we guilty of tncibementto cr~nmit a tanwlrt a;et or rots trm emapji10 thelr brrlbty, inaludlng by carnbat1ng frsudulsnt travel dacurnents and, b the sxtrnt rrttirfrrable, by enha~ing terrorlat rrsrwmlng and pamaengar Murlty procedures? In the NcsttrrSrlands, th'e regponslbllity for border control and tmml$mtat%~lrr largely to thyt ofganiaatians: -. Tho Ray&l MtIHsry Canrrtab1;1Iary (Rkwtnk&k JHivmemse, Wgrj 'The Royal Mtlitwy Crtnsbbulary is a rnllitolry police fwce with a nationcat mmrnernd atruetura and a vasksty of trr~ks, both civil rlbel mllitery. Among other fhings It is rsrpimrlbik far pdiclng alvll sviati~n lend mtralling the movement af pema st borders of the N&wrlarnd8, In this WnnectiOD It oarrim out ~wrfty and ~xtra measure$ rat trlrpbrta for hlgbrlek fllghits. KMarr units are also deployeel for qdal scscur31y opsratlons artd lntsnrerntian8, The KMar Spaclsll Strrvloca engum e oontlnuous flaw of Infomtlon rslmang tfm intcsllfgmaa, am/ secumy rorvloes, - Th fmrni#mttan at~dwtumiirr~floft b&wl~ra fm2j The Xmrn&M)an arml Naturertisatian Ssrvfce it# the agewq? rarrponslbk for Implemntlng aliens law In the Nathierfanbe3, It has strengthened various grocmeqi m part of the fight again& terrorism. Even befare 2 Mavenrber 2004; the day that filmmaker Thew van Oogh was murderstl, it had bcsen rimgnisad that more aws should be handled fmrrr e eauntertmrist perspective. In the IQht of the cwrent sltuatlon the dedslan her8 been made to expancl the IND's capadty, evrsb3ing '8 to Inve$tlgate 500 cases per year. The ap6r&~onal p11pprad)) mommendad by the Courtttsm&m tmarmbltidn Centru Can laad to artion baiq taken undar immigration Iw. "Pher lndb $pedal Iw&ipawtfm$ Srctim deafdm how Wt to apply lmmigratlan leglalatfoh in ihe fight bw&rn. Thle lwdvtl8 ualng the aptions oftsred by the Aliens Aet and the Nefhcsdandli Netianarllty Aut'ln odsr to attain ewcific rwlta in indkidurrl cwm.?'hew optlorn induda revoking wlakenc~ parmiti%, refueiing to grant resfdenem permits, delaying thzs huarm of mshisnca, permits, axpelling
6 eflmi~al dkm~, and d&rlm tmfttr)~ of tthavtis'mcsrlams for er wrterln perfpd, an wlm undwmw, ttgamby bbmg him of her from liantaflng In &uppert af kkjar c~rrhals, the Netharlmcb mlrrka urn d two datsbw: i.?he Schqan Infornettran 8ystrjm (81s). arrd 2, the natlansl ll&t of wanted and rnisshg parsbns (QPS). Ihdiu4duaIs an be ttmw In thew system8 If: they have csmmm ctimlnrl affenrrrslr mrat be they rshwkl h denw am$ thy page s'drrnger to pubik policy br nadonerl WMI~&, or they 8flOuld ba esuhjectedto tmgm or covet? rnzurltarlrtg. Tha 818 oar"ltalnr data from Sohengun cownlripaa The OP8 oantyalna, Mionsll irwedjtlgatetian to the tourdry bac~ausa tkn Is csonwete PrvMmce that and arrest. wmnb a8 wait PIS requests for prcsvis9owarl arrest by non-schsngan cbunttiw, For wampla, I$ rsqwayf from the United SWs for la wspaet's errrest and emtditfon will be induded In the DPS by the Nrsthsrlandti (muming the raqwt am &b gmed). In tandem with thmw met ~ystarms, the ~etherloanks Mas aativa ww of tn#rpol'r in& of wanted pemrm, Them tsy8terns c8n be consulted when BlEerws apply for vkas or m k ta galn ratma to twrikry of the NeMerlmrrrlss tat r border aheckpaint. On 9+&mry 2W%, B mwegy me $rearerntad to the Parlirnwsnt ot ttw NM&~&I which will reiswit in improved border cmtrulr. This titratmy involve8 zstqpirrg up \ha exchange of infarmration betwimn the agsndm in charge af bod& crantrol, in part by mtabtishfng new links bwwen mmpw ey&ema. Border cantrule will btl oomc(inatad to a greater extent and, wha3turuar praakml, oarrfed out by Jolnt Fam,La& but not, bast, the &atsr;ry cwlk for the of a lsardar mntroi forum with pwmfpamb from ONS) V~&US agmciea, a stap that will saoa c~speratlan b t m the 6x~cUfhle Mla InVOIVBd and improve their traha#anca of rcflan. The plan at adion ha& abjc~&vea: to 0tXaln the mast Wrnprcshenasivs possibls mrviw of 81 parsaw antj gaods orosaing the bord&t ta Iff* 8PlCf mrlmhr as tappropm~ leva1 d aternsf ba- mml * to prmdlee WgetaMl eumfllflince and enfomthnt by awrdtnatking md -- whwever ral~vftnt - oornbinlrrg the various elernenb of the border control process.
7 qpt?cters to.c30neur1nd UPM Irufmllh In mibi tlme to ciwwbn pamm8 1rtd gaadrs. This will enable the &gendss to check whether ti sister agency has raisvant iryrampatlon an a particular individual or; far caxamptet, t b wmda u d by that individual. The EU 8 rnolplamarnt Agrrrrrcy (BAAk) is rmponeibts JY;K el~rdlndng owatlaml ooomtil wn mmbcrr Wtes kt raytar torlng the mavammt of pmom operatlenol task, together with day&wteoy t~! mt and coordination. Tttt?~ agency has, for exerrnple, dcsvbiapsd what am known as 'focal ~ointa' in the m6mbet s&tras, 1.6, particular locrntipns ive &peel SZI In the mrrtrol. Mum, grtwtar unifwmtty esulnsd L I brdw c I out Mthln Europe, As part of n. " -+,- 1 dud&&, the FZoydl MtIHary ( ir ed In joint bparratlons an thc htaa, Another Importarrrt lareue Prt EU lami ia the rnavewokant ta sat up ar Unian-wide dratabrnse for visa eraalfmtions. which could aontain blwetrlc The technical sptsctnc~tians f< ric travel darn&\ SfFeedy k 5tW. T ltse in thil r number d EU nr that both iprt~rnal and axybrrnat P lust coor dinate their johlt imwity cvl rdar to confbat ilksgrl irnmtgratian, ksrrariasrn and argmlwui edme ~ffectlvely. To thle, end, and ~cuppl&awltral to the ancf the Sohartgsn C ~n~ti~n, tt drra been d: 1 gen Ill) 2 the Netherlands an8 &many canmmklg msr-barcim pollm and judicial c1 inlrl matters 3. Berrslux aoreerment conmmirrg poltcing. One ar mnw (SCtdl& uf thee W&r fr that the Ray~l Military Can~hbulary ha$ grcsrier 8wpe in ~bih lmml our csd cruthetrn bc &al&. Kh 1150 been involved J UP and running a BunrJaspII218kKhllar Joint Bardrar CbardlnaXim Centre! (GGC) at OochWQnncsp, which has 3peratian rlnm 1 I 2008, The purpose af the centre is to &lrnpiwy the ex~hang at tmamartion, wrdinate nanaowca an fills Mlstherknds-German cc In tha ds pottation atas join p artroll in t Ktttncls~Q~man
8 border arb& and lr~pfrd thd ImmIgMtian oarrtrel on the CMdU Wlth Qennmy, ~icrowrartlon cm the N~thMarnds-Belm herder hara rl$d bscm Inimlfied. Pmgrrph 3 In or mid&rln& 1.4 What Inm\Tonrl &art+ liletnlrrtilgndr partlairntt~bgl prrtiaipadrtg in I lnibiatlng In order to enhanos drlagur and tmadlrn undembndliw among civllfw~nr In an effort to prevent the Indlrcrtmlniate targeting of diffsrrsnt miiglona and culturn? The). N''kwlmdar is r atfang auppart;sr of dirlogua h mwftllartmal fora whlclh are, asrpenbb of mting on Initlativrw~, The OSCB is OM suah forum, and in Mary 2605 tha Nathorrlrands became the first owntry tct host the OSCE's repres&nwhrts an mbating intalerancar Wid dlsorlminetion~agrlllrpt Muslim, Omur Orhun. The activ&ies of the Council Of Europe, alcod cantribute to the objectives referred to in the quwtian. With re4ar)md to e6opewlart~ln the Maciitirrrrsmn regla, tha Nlsthed~nds s&# great 9tbm by the Badan8 Prom, partiaularly 'the Anna' LIMlh Euro4vkdbrranesrtr Foundation far Dielaguaa tl9-n Cultures, The MheKlawdr is cumntly lxlneldcsring funding spedtic Faunatatlam prof&, At bilateral level HM NmdrUndh.hlr ~nw#kd mkabwy hudg$t$ far the suppt%tlol ptajeetii reiatd to human rightis and soda1 trensitim, with particutar snsphmis on estaml&hiw bralard nqtwbirk8 which imlwclcr all poosible~chdl satdefy groups, Otbr projects raccsivlng backing frbm the fftpth&&nds invalve exzrminlng the role of the media or promoting Inter-ethnic amf irrts~re1ir;lioua dlorlal;lua. In 2002, to foster inte~cuflurwl cl~$~laguar, the Netherlands created the p08ltion of sdviwc on mbtions with the Islrmk world at the MIMWy of Foreil~n Affairsa. Durihg ibir EU Pmide~lcy In th wxml haif of 2004, the NeW&nd8 mnvm 8 mlnhriel ' metby m inbgratlon i-. This we failowed by $he weation at a Fomm an Isrlm, an irihqouesm~nt prml of cmrnmhy tdprru9rwrhstlum which compares apprwches rand mc;henglss beqlt pmrstlces on engtqinq Muslhn commumea. argembertians to comfw radfmlla~itkn by ex~htmging htaailgorrm lerrrd best pradlws and by ~ltlvating a grt!jrbr undenbndiw of ratdtcaii~iition md how ft athouki be tack!&, TM Netherlands Is warklng with lntt~natlenel partner8 to cbvbe stretsgieer to ereate 8 nwi$d of
9 Sd&rrtlty, &re nat anaugh fiwt13hp in saclety sgmo1klng out againtst mdlmi Idam a d tng jihad1 idt m%si men% co In help yc nmm $. lap a critli Idtlnp cleat and lnda3iu~ ko jlharfiam and &imsm. ib same 1.. ".. found to Ihe ~orselng existential questlone fmrna Muslme riving In V'feortam sodetiehix The nds is at8 drtg fotai nmamts that ere working Za bokte s&tmonomic ptabl6ms rnar can bad to raatoari~tlon abroad. the I ~grwd on ia SWnt(f'6ry ftir Cmbating Ra&l~ilaaW~ end RmnrltmeM Xo Terrorkm, This, Gtratcyly incltrdcas a dstsiksd ActIan Plan wlth almost 70 dfffarartt atffons bofh at mtllembw artrate and EU lewd (heids and outsidea the EU) trt the stmcturasi (i.a, saciuetaonamfc), motiwtional (i.s, Mwt~imi) anti facilitations~ ([.a. 0p~bI'tut"titl~) fact6m Of mdicalisatian and ~crwilmant to Zmbrtsm. ' The EU C promeding Mh the points listed In MI$ ActIan Plan a8 part at a wider EU cuwnbrteswmsm etmtf&gy, An important etmesrtt of them efforts is the developnt af in carnmunicahone atrdragy, including e 'non-amotlve Imdcan'. Yhe F;letharlmd$ Is wmng oiaeicafy with the Prwidstncy, mar ECI member ~ BS and 1 tha Eurol nrni~sion to enasurn that thia strategy mt$ the fight tom, glven the ---- ~errm Con A*. i&i..ra:aa a. aenmuvlnua ~xnd patam#l for miaw t dtrategy led ta rejc 4* the OPCI! isodtiti ar slfgfan with f9woffsfill ~ ~ i uura v a ~defdisl. d 3 the siem il;%*~itlr48 1 ng a?&& t~m?~ BMW tg rnrsrnb and the I media, 01 rlhrrncrer tt re qu8lity of dialog lue, fn the EU (among mem bar state ler states ad their * mmntur lw, ant d betwean rnmbet -<*.... statesso and othw cmmunltres outaide ttrie EU) m diecusrstngl renorim and related imw, fwus en the oopa values of the interntitbnal wmmunlty, md chauenge the WW&%Q af I nn,tived by.s What k the Wathsrlenda takh to counbr t~lrchetrc d Cworiat am Q pnwan alon d adu~bltlonaf, and the1 cultural d I rts~? Public policy af'ttrat Nethariands againaft rradiaalimn6n laha at aauntwtradng and mi%&ihlng tendendm Pbwrd$ violent radtcr;ralis8tfon and termrlat rmftmmt, This ptrllcy abndliatti of Wa plm: pmvmtivcs and raprelsl~ivet meawrae, Pmvc~ntlve mearsuruss prah~ote soolarl cohietslan.. T ob.d8%?s. 9
10 md rcwlrstm 10 radlallmticm mong vulmrabla gmup&. In more specific terms, preventive maawrsr, emkw wetfare and inbagration ~QIWM, the anhament of dernwacy md poltirml psmdpstlon, &ban deva(opment,.adu&n and the pmrnotim wltural diversity. Reprwhrs meeeuresr seak to counter radlmliaetidn by taking acuon against certain individuals, groups or IrwptiMlanr whilrrh ere inkttigalfrrg rctdl~~~~flsat-ian md mltmsnt. Criminal law offen the mews to cornbat ffte mmt viruknt Parnre of tadlcalsm, such as acts of vlolenwa, threat8 of vfalsnce, Incitement ta violsnarr, propagation of hatred ar other ad8 committad with ttro iritmt to muse ebojpl upheaval. O m p ~ ~ t have ~ been r s convidd, supplsmrantary mesraarum - like revolting the rlght to vote or rm far publla office - eran also be impomd that will hinder them from crarryhg on wtth tharlr activities. The effc4dkene~s of ursing criminal Iw ongaltrst radioarliarrr depends to a large extemt on mastering the grey rrss between behaviour that would mndtute a crimhl aqfenoe and Mpwirrur that Is merely deemed ta be sactially unacceptdble. In the Nathetlancrls two Counter-rrtrateglw are amplayed in thlls gray a m taokling ~~ of ndicaliwth,n and conducting ptswan-specific intwmtlans. Tackling hotbeds ofradbik8ttlon A hotbed of radlcrrllam la en arganiaration, group or plaw that 8-8 as a breeding ground for ectivlties and viewar that are Inartrumerrtat In r;trdiall&lng lndtvidwal8 and can ultimately resuit in twwlst edivltlrss, lndlvldual btwavlaur that my pdnt to tb m*~ternce, d a hotbed of radicalism includas justifying or expneaing sympathy fer tmrkm-raletsd acts or aso3aciahng with people known to hid rediooll viewei, tbvmwr, a problematic #ltu&tk,n may also arise when maple do not w l y Wjad vlolenca or when r&dicals or rwuftcare an not scthly shunned. Hotberdr of radicalism can also serve aar an & ~ hbreeding t ground for bxtrernme3, It 1s ths;rfefore nsoezrsary for the to monitor arcirfufly the arganl$atlon conggtw, Hotbeds of radicellarm am fdentwfd at national level. Intentention in hatbeds of redwfisrn involves the coordinated ulwl OJ erdarftrig powam srrd inatrumts by central and lmt government under tlw diredon of the Nlgnta~l CwdhrcPtor for CoWrtdrtenoriiim, A muitidisclptinary analysis Is d m up on tha basis of infomation provided by various publlc agendm (inciudlhg the Inblllgcmte ard slecurity mrviw and pallcca). Intervening In theea hatbsch d radlca2lloratlon Wn invalve dmini&atrrrtivas, flnanclaf or cammun9c~n tooltit ar the options afforded by Immigration Iw, The mumum taken can inapln cfiaangra through various Incmthres, 1NhM may entail not only Prxtris vjglltrnm k~uth~~ieu)5i,?%-is.u_ff~~~~arnnm.ach~baaw~~
11 of behaviour or fostering diaiogue. Keeping track of the measures' impact is also part of the To ensure that signs of radiilisatlon are analysed and follawed up at local level, a municipality can appolnt an intelligence coordinator or establish an Internal hotline. The signs observed by the network partners are then relayed to this hforrnation centre, where they are analysed and considered in the light of other information. At this stage the inf~rmation. Q simply shared within the centre onb no report is sent to the police or the AIVD. Depending on the situation within the munlcipallty R may be decided to record evidence of radicalfsstion processes, at either a general or indhrklual level. After consklering the evidence, the authorfiies may decide to report the matter to the police or, after consulting the police and enlisting the M p of the municipal services, to craft an individual-based approach. Such an approach gives municipalmas the option of combating radicaliaation by intervening at the level of the IndividuaL An indlvldual-based approach can range from offering educational courses or creating employment to imposing specific sanctions for proven offences. THs course of action seems particularly effectbe in the case of vulnerable individuals and hangsrs-on. In serious cases of radlcallsation, person-specific intervention (see below) Is the preferred method. PemspeoZfic interventions To counter the activities of indmduals who intend to commlt terrorist acts or incite others to do so, the Netherlands has developed the instrument of the person-specific intervention. Person-spec& Interventions aim to prevent the preparation or commission of a terrorist attack by monitoring suspect individuals and their environment in a conspicuous fashion. Such disruption activities make it more difficult for these persons to continue to contribute to or prepare terrorist acts, The interventions are mainly carried out by local police and may consist of visible surveillance, home visits by a neighbourhood to0~chnator or community police officer, contact with relath or neighbours, or a visible presence around a mosque or other meeting place. Periodic evaluations are conducted to determine whether these interventions are still the most appropriate means at the authorities' disposal. Moreover, a bill concerning admlnlstratlve measures to protbct national securlty is currently In prepar$ltlon..~he bill would give the Minlster of the Interior and Kingdom Relations the power, in consultation with the Minister of Justice, to impose measures redricttng the liberty ~f-~~.y~~ab:~ose..~~~~ur,!it!ks~thlem~fr!~,~,.art~ci~at.on~~!n
12 Examples of such measures include exclusion ordere, restrainiw orders andlor reporting requirements. If someone poses a danger to public policy andlor national security, he or she can be denied entry. to territory of the Netherlands. Such a decision must be based on an official report by the AIVD. In the spring of this yew, the National Cybercrlme Centre ( was launched. This website can be used by anyone, private citizens and publlc officials alike, to report online manifestations of radicalism or terrorism. Information received by the Centre is analysed by police Nrsonnel and, if necessary, sent on to the participating organisations: the police, public prosecution service and the AIVD. For these organisatlons, reports may be used in ongoing investigations or even lead to the opening of an entirely new investigation. Next year (2007), the Centre will be evaluated and a decision wlll be made about its future mandate and possible long-term financing., Paragraph What is the Netherlands doing to ensure that any measures taken to implement paragraph, I, 2 and 3 of resdutlon 1824 (2005) comply with all of Its obligations under lnternational law, in particular International human rlghts law, refugee law, and humanitarian lw? Counterterrorism policy of the Netherlands and law is based on respact for international law. AH legislative measures taken by the Netherlands to combat terrorism are subject to judicial review and comply with the Constitution of the Netherlands and this country's obligations under international law, in particular international human rights law, humanitarian law and refugee law. All enforcement measures taken by the authorittee of the Netherlands are prescribed by law and pursue a legitimate aim, while observing the principle of proportionalky. Furthermore, these enforcement measures are subject to Independent review by both domestic and international courts, such as the European Court of Human Rlghts. The Nethertands has also adopted the Optional Protocol to the Internetionat Cwenant on Civil and Political Rights, which rwcgnism the cbmpeternce of the Human Rlghts Committee to receive and consider complaints from individuab subject to Its jurisdiction who clefrn to be victims of a violation by a State Party of any of the rights set forth in the Covenant (article 1).