Himilo Relief and Development Association Progress and Financial Report 2010

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1 Himilo Relief and Development Association Progress and Financial Report 2010 HIRDA, Himilo Relief and development Association Bezoek adress: Wibautstraat 150 3, 1091 GR Amsterdam Postbus MA Amstelveen, tel/fax: (31) , website ABN Bank: , ING Bank Kvk registratie , Fiscaal nummer

2 EDUCATION FOR ALL THROUGH GENDER ACHIEVEMENT. 1. CONTENTS 1. CONTENTS PROJECT DESCRIPTION INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND CHALLENGES FACING HIRDA S ACTIVITIES IN SOMALIA IN 2011 ONWARDS ETHIOPIAN TFG SUPPORT S IMPACT ON STABILITY GOVERNMENT SUPPORTERS National Army AMISOM HUMANITARIAN RELIEF IN GOVERNMENT HELD AREAS GOVERNMENT OPPOSITIONS ASSASSINATION CAMPAIGN DETERIORATION OF SOMALIA S ECONOMIC SITUATION AFFECTING SCHOOL ENROLMENTS THE DROUGHT AND CONFLICT CAUSED MASS DISPLACEMENT AND SCHOOL DROP OUTS PIRACY AND ITS IMPACT ON IMPORTED COMMODITIES DECLINE OF HUMANITARIAN SPACE: HIRDA S STRATEGIC POSITION AND APPROACH TO THE CHALLENGES ABOVE LACK OF STABILITY IN THE COUNTRY SUPPORTING THE CURRENT GOVERNMENT

3 5.3- ASSASSINATION CAMPAIGN DETERIORATION OF SOMALIA S ECONOMIC SITUATION AFFECTING SCHOOL ENROLMENTS THE DROUGHT AND CONFLICT CAUSED MASS DISPLACEMENT AND SCHOOL DROP OUTS PIRACY AND ITS IMPACT ON IMPORTED COMMODITIES DECLINE OF HUMANITARIAN SPACE HIRDA PROJECT HAS THE FOLLOWING OBJECTIVES: OBJECTIVE OF PRIMARY EDUCATION ACHIEVED RESULTS IN 2010 ACTIVITIES ACHIEVED RESULTS IN PRIMARY EDUCATION Previous targets Achieved enrolment rates in EDUCATION FOR ALL TEACHER TRAINING BASIC HEALTHCARE Objective of primary healthcare Job Opportunity WOMEN EMPOWERMENT CENTRE (WEC) Women Empowerment Objectives WEC activities Centre routine activities DIASPORA ENGAGEMENT TO THE DEVELOPMENT CAPACITY BUILDING & PROFESSIONALIZATION Somalia Netherlands

4 5. MFSII PROJECT MILESTONES BENEFICIARIES OF ACTIVITIES RISK REDUCTION AND CONTROL RECOMMENDATION CONCLUSION- OVERALL APPRAISAL CURRENT SITUATION HIRDA FINANCIAL REPORT INTRODUCTION:

5 2. PROJECT DESCRIPTION Program Title Progress Report 2010 Program Description Progress report for HIRDA Activities in 2010 Project area South and Central Somalia Starting Date 01 st January 2010 Final Date 31 st December 2010 Implementing Organization HIRDA (Himilo Relief Development Association Project Number Contact Address E mail Address Contact Person LKZP P.O.Box; 9004, 1180 MA Amstelveen Fatumo Farah Telephone E mail Contact Address in Somalia Hassan Abdi Keynaan (HIRDA Regional Director) Habibo Ali Nur (HIRDA Financial Officer) Telephone , , E Mail Address 3. INTRODUCTION 5

6 This progress report is intended to keep Oxfam NOVIB informed so that it will able to keep up to date with the current progress of HIRDA projects and its future direction. The progress report outlines HIRDA projects in 2010 and provides a summary of project activities and milestones of the three-year program focusing on the millstones of 2010 and describe activities, expected and actual results and impact assessment of the intervention area s related issues to project activities highlighting also an indicative results of 2010 proposed activities and achievement. The progress report deals solely projects funded by Oxfam NOVIB and implemented in 2010 in Bardera city in Gedo region in southern Somalia BACKGROUND HIRDA was founded in 1998 and started implementing basic education programme in 1999 with support of HIRDA constituencies living in the Netherlands. The local community was lacking education possibilities for their children since the collapse of Somali government in HIRDA received a massive interest from the community to enroll their children to HIRDA schools which was beyond HIRDA s capacity. So, HIRDA sought outside financial assistance and Oxfam NOVIB us financial assistance after reviewing HIRDA projects by conducting field visits in Somalia. HIRDA and Oxfam NOVIB became partners which enabled HIRDA to submit a three year programme after HIRDA projects were evaluated in HIRDA has extended its intervention areas from basic education, to informal education, agriculture, primary healthcare and relief assistance. The projects of HIRDA are linked to each other such that the outcome of one project complements the effects and impacts of another. For instance the women empowerment centre plays a role to raise awareness of families the importance of education for girls. The awareness programme of equal opportunities of girls and boys produced good results which enabled HIRDA to realize 44, 21 % enrolment rate for girls in After the three programmes ( ) an external evaluation of HIRDA projects was carried out with the conclusion that the HIRDA implemented the planned activities of the three year programme relatively well with some recommendations to improve where shortcomings were found. The Positive achievements of previous projects apart from Oxfam NOVIB financial support, were due to local community involvement especially parents and community education committees. HIRDA s good cooperation with local authorities, community stakeholders and wider community engagement helped us increase the enrolment rate of girls. Based on the achievement of the previous programmes and the outcome of the evaluators, HIRDA has submitted new programme ( ) to Oxfam-NOVIB 6

7 focusing more on primary education, primary health, women empowerment, Diaspora engagement for development and organizational capacity building of HIRDA as a whole. 4. CHALLENGES FACING HIRDA S ACTIVITIES IN SOMALIA IN 2011 ONWARDS 4.1- ETHIOPIAN TFG SUPPORT S IMPACT ON STABILITY Somalia, the real horn in Eastern Africa, is home for nearly eleven million people and its population has been subjected to decades of intensive inter and intra-clan violence. The country and its people are vulnerable to severe cyclical droughts and floods which contribute to widespread poverty and malnutrition. The humanitarian situation and that of human rights have been adverse and dire throughout the country and especially in the south-central. Somalia s nineteen-year old crisis has become one of the world s worst humanitarian catastrophes. After TFG was formed some years ago the international policy has been stuck on supporting transitional federal institutions, which have become more and more irrelevant on the ground. From the track record of the past several years it is clear that international community policies have not been coordinated especially with the Nairobibased donor community by not providing the technical and financial assistance needed by the TFG. The Ethiopia s intervention which was the single most important external actor was not properly understood neither by international community nor by Somali people and its motives, interests, strategies and intentions are the most difficult to understand and predict. Even U.S diplomats, defence and intelligence officers who work closely with Ethiopian counterparts confess that Ethiopian policies toward Somalia are controversial and unpredictable. Therefore Ethiopia s contribution to stability of Somalia is less likely and hampers all international and national NGO s activities in the country GOVERNMENT SUPPORTERS NATIONAL ARMY The Somali people are fed up of the civil war and the anarchy and want to see some sort of formal government that can restore peace and order in the country and provide unwavering support to such government. But the reality of public support is just moral and the government not only needs moral support but financial support as well. Thanks to the newly formed Somali forces and back up of AMISOM (African Mission to Somalia) the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia for the first time offered an organized salary payment to its soldiers. About 8,000 strong Somali soldiers received 7

8 $100 each in their first payday exercises. The exercise was a success that will go a long way toward better streamlining of the force and harmonization of the pay system. The pay system boosted the moral of the frontline troops to work diligently for their country and warned the opposition forces to prepare for the worst now that their morale is high. I am so happy because I can now at least pay my debts, said TFG Liaison Officer Lt. Issa Mohamed. We have waited for this day for so long. The government must ensure we get our arrears and that our future salary is paid in time so that we can also feed our families. We will continue to fight for our country and protect our people, because that is what is expected of us as the military. The moral boosting and the maintenance of the national army resulted in the government gaining more grounds in the capital and elsewhere in the country forcing the opposition groups on the run AMISOM The African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) is an active, regional peacekeeping mission operated by the African Union with the approval of the United Nations in Somalia. AMISOM is mandated to support transitional governmental structures, implement a national security plan, train the Somali security forces, and to assist in creating a secure environment for the delivery of humanitarian aid. It was created by the African Union's Peace and Security Council on 19 January 2007 with an initial six month mandate. On 21 February 2007 the United Nations Security Council approved the mission's mandate. Subsequent six-monthly renewals of AMISOM's mandate by the African Union Peace and Security Council have also been authorized by the United Nations Security Council. The AMISOM trains the government forces and backs the national army against the opposition forces and therefore the lifeline of the TFG HUMANITARIAN RELIEF IN GOVERNMENT HELD AREAS The government held areas are relatively peaceful and the relief organizations, NGOs and international organizations are back to these areas offering relief assistance to the people in government controlled areas. Despite some complaints of the government bureaucracy by the civil society organizations, the relief assistance is going smoothly in these areas GOVERNMENT OPPOSITIONS Previously, the government opposition was Al-shabab and Hisbul Islam, two religious groups with loose connections among them rejected any form of government in Somalia other than one formed by them. Although Hisbul Islam was forced to join Al-shabab at the beginning of 2011, they control a large portion of the country such as Banadir, Middle Shabelle, Hiran and other regions of south-central Somalia. Although Shabab that does not exhibit ideological cohesion and answers to a chain of command they are 8

9 still more capable as an armed force than as a political movement and pose a formidable threat to the government and its institutions. This has caused fear to international and local NGO working on humanitarian assistance to education, health, IDP camps and livelihood projects ASSASSINATION CAMPAIGN The assassination campaign by TFG hardliners and Al-shabab movement is the latest attack on Somalia s once vibrant civil society and has the potential to escalate into violent elimination of all professionals and civic figures. Somali civic figures are shocked at these killings, harassments and threats, and are either fleeing the country or keeping a very low profile. The assignation campaign has even now affected the relatively peaceful part of the country called Punt-land targeting the intellectuals and civil society leaders. This is an enormous setback for hopes to consolidate peace in the country as civil society and NGO leaders are essential safeguard of the humanitarian situation in Somalia DETERIORATION OF SOMALIA S ECONOMIC SITUATION AFFECTING SCHOOL ENROLMENTS The value of the Somali shilling has, on the other hand, eroded dramatically, compounding the poverty of those already in dire need and at the same time sparking lack of business confidence in most major urban centres. The US dollar is currently the main currency for business transactions throughout the country exchanging for approximately 35,000 Somali shillings. Billions of counterfeit Somalia banknotes printed in Mogadishu and in the self-autonomous Puntland region have created hyperinflation with both urban families and most traders unwilling to accept the shilling and the dollar becoming the first choice for most major transaction. This led parents unable to pay school fees and therefore increasing the drop outs especially the girls as parents prefer to send only boys to school when there is a choice between the girl and the boy in situations like this. Others kept their children at home as they were unable to pay school fees THE DROUGHT AND CONFLICT CAUSED MASS DISPLACEMENT AND SCHOOL DROP OUTS Almost all the schools in Gedo and Galgadud regions are fee based to sustain teachers salaries and school maintenance a policy adopted by HIRDA and other national NGO s running education activities. The drought has been severe across the country, but especially in the South - central regions notably in Hiran, Galgadud, Middle and Lower Shabelle, Bay, Bakol and Gedo mostly in areas where HIRDA is active. The agricultural belts in the Juba Corridor have been affected reducing the country s agricultural out and increasing food imports. Transporters have been hit by the sharp increase in fuel prices, taxes imposed by warring parts and the growing insecurity and proliferation of 9

10 checkpoints manned by armed insurgents, government soldiers. This means food that reaches remote towns and villages is usually priced above the means of the poor, the consequence being a dramatic increase in malnutrition across the country. Somalia is the world s second largest humanitarian crisis, and one of the most politically complex. Due to a confluence of the nineteen years of conflict, droughts, escalating violence, higher priced-fuel and inflation, aid agencies and workers cannot mount effective operations. This is basically due to the level of insecurity and the recent targeted assassinations against aid workers 1. The drought in central Somalia is threatening the livelihoods of more than 700,0002 pastoralists and a large number of urban households whose income and food sources were linked to livestock marketing and trade. Emergency livelihood assistance is required in order to prevent a severe deterioration of the food security situation in in these regions. In conflict hotspots such as South-central Somalia the mass displacement of civilians, mainly women and children is un-abated. Many families moved to UN refugee camps in Kenya for survival taking the school children with them and therefore increasing the school drop outs. While Kenya s border has been officially closed since early 2007 there has been growing tension along the Kenyan/Somali border between Kenyan military forces and Somali Islamists. This, however, has not slowed the pace of new asylum seekers arriving at Dadaab refugee camp. According to OCHA field reports, since the recent fighting started in Mogadishu, increasing number of Somalis are crossing the border. The displaced have fled mainly into the interior of the country where they lack access to food, clean water and basic health care, livelihoods and support networks. IDPs are the most vulnerable populations in any humanitarian emergency. Over 700,000 people out of the population of perhaps 6 million in south-central Somalia have been forced to flee their homes PIRACY AND ITS IMPACT ON IMPORTED COMMODITIES Piracy is the other major issue. Some people argue that it is an obstacle caused by the international community for not supporting Somalia to regain its dignity and central government and whose policies are so far not clear. The confluence of these conflicting policies has made the waters off the Somali coast to be ranked the world s number one 1 According to the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia, Mr. Mark Bowden 2 UNOCHA 3 UNHCR 10

11 piracy hotspot. For example, the 83 reported attacks on ships along the Somali waters, in the third quarter of 2008 and early 2009, accounted for nearly a third of all such attacks worldwide. Different arguments aside, the international preoccupation with piracy appears to be so hypocritical to many in view of the longstanding and rarely challenged practice of foreign entities to fish illegally and dump toxic waste on the long porous unmanned Somali coast. Since November 2007 (WFP) charters have been targeted and have required naval escorts to safely deliver cargo. Land routes are expensive, and there is little alternative to the sea for the needed scale of emergency relief. After the Dutch navy ended their escort for WFP ships in June 2008 the organization warned it might have to stop deliveries altogether 4.9- DECLINE OF HUMANITARIAN SPACE: The impact of growing insecurity on the humanitarian situation is severe. The delivery of aid to million Somalis in need has been seriously reduced as NGO workers, both national and international, have become prime targets. Although, this violence has principally been stemming from grudges of some local groups against some relief agencies some insurgent groups are deliberately organizing this violence focusing aid workers. For example, Médecins Sans Frontières lost three staff for the first time in a bomb attack in January MSF activities in Bakol region neighbouring Gedo region closed Health Centre in Hudur which has provided 272,700 outpatient consultations and outlying health post. This was a serious setback for the region as the International Medical Corps was forced by Al-Shabaab to suspend all their activities (mainly nutrition interventions) in the area. The new wave of aggression and hostilities against humanitarian aid workers in Somalia is putting the lives of children and women at great risk. A press statement issued by UNICEF on 17 June 2009, said that it had been a month since the Jowhar compound in Middle Shabelle was attached and occupied by militiamen, rendering it inaccessible to its staff members. The looting and destruction of life-saving humanitarian supplies and equipment enormously affected UNICEF s ability to deliver services to the most vulnerable children and women. Similarly, after Al - Shabab leaders threatened that NGOs might be attacked. As a result, Care, International Medical Corps and other NGOs working in Somalia were obliged to withdraw entirely because of such threats. This was under the suspicions that some humanitarian agencies were cooperating with the US war on terrorism by identifying insurgent locations. Kidnappings, assassinations and other attacks on NGO and UN humanitarian agency staff have increased further since August 2008 as more areas of the country are sucked into the violence. HIRDA had been engaging the international health organizations operating in the neighbouring Gedo regions to come and open offices in Gedo but the withdrawal of health organizations in the neighbouring Gedo regions dashed the hope of HIRDA and Gedo population. 11

12 5. HIRDA S STRATEGIC POSITION AND APPROACH TO THE CHALLENGES ABOVE 5.1- LACK OF STABILITY IN THE COUNTRY Before HIRDA started its projects in Somalia, it started empowering the community to shoulder the responsibility and the ownership of the projects by themselves while HIRDA acting as a community support organ. Through that approach HIRDA as community based organization (CBO) continued to work in Somalia and in Gedo Galgadud in particular and never considered down-scaling its staff as other NGO s did despite deteriorating security and threats made to all local and international organisations. So, we keep our entire staff in Somalia taking extra care for its staff and the projects SUPPORTING THE CURRENT GOVERNMENT The inability of the government to exercise its authority to all parts of the country and fulfil its obligation to its people will push NGO s local or otherwise to cover the social services needed by the population which is beyond the capacity of these organizations. Therefore HIRDA believes the existing government remains the country s best hope and merits sustained external support. This will enable the NGO s local or other wise to operate freely with some regulations if any. Therefore it is the best interest for the Somali government, international community and diaspora organizations to work together for the MDG. HIRDA urges the UN Security Council to minimize the influence of Ethiopian policy in Somalia and empower AMISOM and the TFG to maintain the national army. HIRDA promotes reconciliation process to all parties concerned in Somali politics but if some groups refuse the reconciliation process, HIRDA welcome and will work with those engage with the reconciliation process. In the meantime HIRDA will exercise a low profile in areas where under the control of opposition groups ASSASSINATION CAMPAIGN HIRDA will take seriously any threat from any group and will try to minimize any risk involved to save its staff and equipment. In doing so, HIRDA will make their activities at low profile until the threat level are removed DETERIORATION OF SOMALIA S ECONOMIC SITUATION AFFECTING SCHOOL ENROLMENTS The families moving to refugee camps in Kenya are more concerned for their children in the worst scenario of starvation but if they know that their children will get feeding in the 12

13 school they would have stayed in their own towns. HIRDA s approach is to get a solution to keep the children in schools. To do so HIRDA will appeal to the CAP to help HIRDA keep the children in Schools. Consolidated Appeal Process (CAP) for Somalia coordinates several clusters including education, water, sanitary and hygiene (WASH), health, Nutrition and so on. HIRDA is a member of education, Malaria global, Nutrition and health. The education cluster has sub-clusters in all over Somalia. HIRDA leads the education sub-cluster in Gedo region. The sub-cluster has members of education subclusters in Gedo region. A meeting held by Gedo education sub-cluster and notified by the cluster was decided to divide the region into parts North and South. The focus of the meeting was to reverse or at least reduce the drop outs of the schools caused the combined conflict and drought by providing school feeding. The sub-cluster compiled a proposal of school feeding designed in the northern part of the region, sent to the CAP and when that is approved, a second proposal for southern part of the region will launched. The education cluster also advised the sub-cluster to launch the second proposal when the process of the first one is finished. The education cluster has recommended the first proposal and will do so for the second one. When both proposals are approved, the school feeding of all the schools in Gedo region will start hoping the current increase of dropout rate will be reduced THE DROUGHT AND CONFLICT CAUSED MASS DISPLACEMENT AND SCHOOL DROP OUTS If the proposals mentioned in the previous chapter are realized, the current massive displacement will be reversed and school dropouts will be reduced. We also hope that the Gu rainy season to materialize and if that so, the situation will be stabilized and the displacement will be reversed PIRACY AND ITS IMPACT ON IMPORTED COMMODITIES The piracy needs proper international coordination not the current ad-hoc safeguarding of individual country s civilian shipping lanes. As long as there is international coordination, the insurance of the cargo ships will increase and the price of goods shipment will also increase and the cost of classroom construction will be doubled based on the price increase of construction materials. It will affect all sectors of the community service DECLINE OF HUMANITARIAN SPACE The humanitarian crisis that has engulfed the country for the better part of nearly two decades had reached a new low point. Nearly half the Somali population is in dire need of humanitarian assistance from a combination of conflict, economic crisis and deepening drought. 13

14 The government has gained a lot of grounds during the recent fighting between the government forces and the opposition groups in large part of Gedo region and lower Jubba. The international communities are coming in the government controlled areas in Gedo and lower Jubba at least for assessment the gravity of the situation in terms of drought and conflict impact. The UNICEF education coordinator in SCZ of Somalia has visited the region and together with HIRDA has made a tour in the region to assess the impact of drought on education. After the assessment UNICEF will come up with a plan to support its education partners in SCZ to relief the education problems in the region. HIRDA is the only partner with UNICEF on education in SCZ and will submit to UNICEF the needs of education after the assessment. 6. HIRDA PROJECT HAS THE FOLLOWING OBJECTIVES: 6.1- OBJECTIVE OF PRIMARY EDUCATION HIRDA s objective of the primary education in Gedo region especially Bardere district in the coming three years were: To create child friendly learning environment by increasing classroom dimensions to standard classroom size to reduce over crowding which are taking their toll on student health through building new classrooms, providing new school furniture, rehabilitating of schools and providing school education tents. To Increase educational opportunities for children of school age in Bardere and Abud-wak and reduce gender parity by matching both genders through Sponsoring orphans and poor children in Bardere district and awareness rising to increase girls enrolment. Enhance the quality of the education through teacher s capacity building through Teacher training courses. Engaging community to the educational activities and participating education umbrella networks. Strengthening the role of the parent, community education committee (CECs) and teacher committees in the schools, and to promote peace and Stability in the region 6.2- ACHIEVED RESULTS IN 2010 ACTIVITIES 14

15 The achieved results is meant all HIRDA overall achieved results in each intervention areas such education, women empowerment and so on to meet quantitative targets by each intervention area and consistent with the planned activities in ACHIEVED RESULTS IN PRIMARY EDUCATION Basic knowledge and access to information enables people to choose good governments and effectiveness of investments in health and sanitation depends on good basic knowledge among villagers. The effectiveness of extension services for poor farmers depends on their capacity to understand what is being explained to them. Giving priority to primary education does not compete with other sectors, it supports their development. A well educated population is crucial for Africa especially for Somalia to compete with world community in terms market opportunities and attracting foreign investment. The achieved results are based on HIRDA projects implemented under the frame- work of (tool box HIRDA ) better known as product I and product II and applies projects conducted in PREVIOUS TARGETS HIRDA has set an 18% enrolment increase target of the programme At the end of the year programme that target was not reached due the civil war and natural disasters like successive years of droughts and flooding that displaced a lot of families whose children were attending the schools and affected the new enrolment rate. Because f that HIRDA has reduced it into half and realized it was too ambitious. The new target was 9% of enrolment increase in basic education and was based on the new three year programme That target was not reached also in 2008 and 2009 although the problems mentioned this chapter was less compared to the previous years but realized 7% of enrolment increase. Although the target was not reached, it was realized and gender parity (50% girls) enrolment increase ACHIEVED ENROLMENT RATES IN 2010 Although the Islamist groups who controls vast majority of southern Somalia have cynical view to women empowerment, HIRDA achieved more than the projected 9% enrollment increase in this because the movements of IDP s is decline and this year there was no drought in the region. The influence of islamist group of HIRDA project of education was minimum, because of the community support. The table below shows student enrollments for the four primary schools in Bardera namely, Bardera primary, Dr. Kassim Primary and Sarinley primary enrolled in in which 42% were girls. That brings the total number of students to 1881 in which 794 are girls and therefore the total nr. of girls enrolled in 2009 are 66 students(table show comparison between academic year. 15

16 Increase Bardere Schools Girls Boys Total Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Total enrolment % BPS % Dr. Kassim % Sarinley % Total % 6.4- EDUCATION FOR ALL HIRDA has transferred the administration of the schools in The takeover was the result of long awareness campaign of community ownership by HIRDA. Fee system applies in most Gedo schools except schools run by Norwegian Church Aid (NCA) and Trocaire and works relatively well but the biggest challenge to the community economy is drought that threatens all over Gedo region which affected the population of the region as whole. Despite economy difficulties, the community imposed fees to every child starting the academic year of There were students from orphan and poor families who were already in the schools had no chance to pay the fee school. HIRDA has negotiated and agreed with local community that HIRDA will sponsor 500 students in that school year and 100 others in every academic year. That agreement allowed those students to continue education. Therefore HIRDA has sponsored this year 100 students in which 70 of them were girls TEACHER TRAINING HIRDA has adopted an outcome-based education approach in the outset of supporting primary education in order to create literate and active students to ensure that every child enjoy quality of education. This noble principle can t be achieved unless teacher education is improved. Therefore HIRDA has adopted programmes to support teacher s improve their knowledge. The programme is a performance-based teacher education program to improve teachers capacity building and provide resources for teachers and learners. HIRDA teacher Capacity Building programmes are Skills Development which is held yearly to sustain a quality education. In July 2010 HIRDA and Unicef have 16

17 organized together a teacher training conducted In Bardere and participated by 270 teachers from GEN member schools in Gedo and mentors and mobilizers. Teacher Training Program 6.6- BASIC HEALTHCARE HIRDA runs a two of MCHS in Bardera and trains social health workers (SHW) to improve community healthcare especially mother and childcare. HIRDA trains 85 social health workers yearly. We also provide competent traditional birth attendant (TBAs) training programmes to reduce delivery related deaths. The trained social health workers and TBA S who will deliver basic health needs of their communities and increase awareness health activities to prevent diseases. There are health posts in the rural areas where HIRDA conducts of healthcare awareness and child immunization programmes. The SHW run also outpatients programmes in the rural areas. Malnourished children are fed in the in the MCHs. HIRDA runs also cold chain facilities where immunization medicine are kept. The storage facility distributes immunization medicines to all MCHs in Gedo region. 126 social health workers were trained in 2010 where 45% of these SHW were female OBJECTIVE OF PRIMARY HEALTHCARE 1. Create availability of community health workers and medical professionals in de region through training and active searching of medical professionals. 2. Reduce high mortality of the children under 5 years and death related during the deliveries 17

18 3. Provide mother and childcare services, feeding malnourished children and providing vaccination. 4. Create epidemic early warning systems in the region in order to prevent and minimize the epidemic damage through awareness raising and educating of community and providing mosquito nets JOB OPPORTUNITY HIRDA has limited capacity to employ all trained Social Health Workers (SHW) but the training provides an opportunity for them to get work in other organizations involved in healthcare promotion. They get part jobs in local clinics and pharmacies. The trained Social health workers enhance the local community s health standard at local level. Health awareness programs are extended to the villages around Bardera district and there are frequent cholera outbreaks in Bardera district and surrounding villages WOMEN EMPOWERMENT CENTRE (WEC) Gender equality and women's empowerment are human rights that lie at the heart of development and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Despite the progress that has been made, women are still systematically subjected to violence. In conflict areas like Somalia, women s basic human rights are still under attack. Despite the hardship and other difficulties, Somali women sustained their families by providing food for them. Therefore HIRDA has placed its top priority to empower women in its intervention areas. We established two women empowerment centre in Bardera (southern Somalia) and Abud-wak (central Somalia). The centres serve women to hold meetings and discuss issues regarding women s rights. Reading, writing and financial literacy trainings are held in the centre to improve the women s status in the community. Awareness programmes against FGM HIV/AIDs, diabetes and drug misuse are also held in the centre to give women proper information about these issues WOMEN EMPOWERMENT OBJECTIVES To empower the women in Bardera and make them financially independent by strengthening women s social and political position in the community through credit Loans, training financial literacy, creating job opportunity for women and maintain the activities of the women empowerment centres. Decrease women s illiteracy rate in Bardere through literacy courses WEC ACTIVITIES WEC activities are planned along with other HIRDA projects not only in Bardera alone but also villages surrounding it and Abudwak. The al-shabab administration has been effected by some of women activities in Bardere where the pictures and films are banned but Abudwak is normal. In 2010 the following activities were carried out by 18

19 centre. The centre has conducted awareness events about HIV/Aids and FGM where 220 women attended. The events have improved community awareness against the FGM, drug misuse, diabetes and HIV/AIDS. People in Bardera both man and women discussed openly the consequences of FGM and how this practice can eradicated. The community elders and religious leaders participate the discussion and debates about the FGM and HIV/AIDS. HIRDA NL and women activist from Abudwak has been visited a women in-kind in Garissa Kenya. Both organisation exchanged and shared information regarding to women activities CENTRE ROUTINE ACTIVITIES The centre also conducts a routine training activities including: 1. The financial literacy: Two groups of business women were trained through financial literacy training in the centre. Total of 36 women from women business group has been participated. 2. Two literacy courses: there was 65 participated women. The training was designed to help women be able reading and writing. One group was advanced and one group was beginners. 3. The training of women leaders participated 35 women with the training organization structure and decision making. Those women are leaders of the women organizations in Bardera and sorounding area. 4. Commercial activities: Mat weaving for domestic consumption there are 30 women are involved in this business. They sell their product and the use the centre as display location. 5. Women s day event (8th March) where the issues like violence against women, against child labor and child soldier garbage collection were raised. The violence against women, against child labor and child soldier were planned for separate workshop but the WEC decided to combine that workshop to 8th March event participated by 70 members of women s groups. 19

20 Group discussion 20

21 6.8- DIASPORA ENGAGEMENT TO THE DEVELOPMENT HIRDA policy of Diaspora engagement is intended to facilitate coordination of Diaspora activities in their homeland as well as in the western countries to strengthen their advocacy role in their host country. HIRDA engages with the Diaspora through partnership in information networking, service delivery and capacity building support for local communities in Somalia. The interest of Dutch government, Dutch NGOs and Dutch public toward Somalia is not a priority and the Diaspora engagement to the development of Somalia is not very active and therefore. HIRDA wants to change the attitudes mentioned above through: Organizing conferences for issues like education, gender inequality and poverty in Somalia to raise the awareness of Netherlands public Initiate lobbying and campaign activities and awareness for Somalia. Contact with media and using electronic media. Initiate meetings, training and dialogue among Diaspora organizations active in development. To achieve those goals HIRDA conducted in 2010 these activities: HIRDA organized a workshop on 11th December 2010 titled "Development of women through Sports" under the theme " Gender Perceptions & Physical exercise". This workshop forms part of the activities during the 12th Annual African Conference organized by UNOY. The aim of workshop was to raise awareness on Sport and development of woman in developing countries. In this workshop HIRDA explored the benefits sport has to empowering woman in different areas of there life. Also knowledge exchange with other (migrant) organisations developing project on development of woman in the Netherlands and create dialogue between organisations, working on development in the south, through implementing sports in their projects one can reach the MDGgoals in different manners. As part of HIRDA s initiative to raise awareness and inform the Dutch public about its work in Somalia and also to work together with academic institutions, we had the privilege to host a group of students from Radbrough University in Nijmengen (The Netherlands) on Tuesday 16th November, This visit forms part of the arrangement HIRDA has with the Department of Development Studies, according to which students can visit HIRDA s office every year in order 21

22 to get to know more about the participation of migrants in development and about HIRDA s contribution to solving the problems that exist in Somalia. HIRDA participated Africa Day organized by where HIRDA held on workshop about education in the conflict countries in Africa. HIRDA also presented their education project in Somalia and the challenges they face. HIRDA invited from Somalia Maryan Gaál abkoow Unicef Somalia representative specially girls education who presented unicef experience working in Somalia. And Dr Michael Brophy representative of African education trust (AET) who presented their experience of delivering quality and uniform education in conflict countries, Inneke aquires of butterfly works also presented their experience of working education in conflict area and the methodology they used. Representative of Dutch ministry for foreign affairs also be invited. As part of HIRDA,s goal to engage Somali/land Diaspora in the development of their country, HIRDA organized IFTAR program to bring Somali Professionals based in the Netherlands together. This event was done so as to enable them to break the fast together as one community and also to discuss ways in which they can make meaningful contributions to the development of Somalia/land. The event which aimed at creating an opportunity for the Somali Diaspora to discuss issues related to the Somali conflict and how they can raise their voice, participate and contribute in the decision making process of the host country. The event again aimed at enabling the Somali Diaspora to deliberate on how they can promote cooperation in Somali/land and also to find out the factors that prevents them from working together in trying to achieve a better Somali/land. HIRDA Hosted a meeting with Somali Diaspora in the Netherlands where Prof. Samatar gave a lecture about the relation between religious and state the main question of the lecture were: What is the nature of the Somali catastrophe? What is the appropriate role of religion in society? What is the relationship between religion and politics, particularly during these times of bewildering upheavals? What role might religion play in the making of leadership? Organized two dialogue discussion for youth through sports event Amsterdam tournament 2010 (May and December) and those events are popular between young Somalis all over Europe. Each year 300 Somali young people participated and the theme was sport for peace and development 3 Somali Diaspora Organisations (HIRDA, Dalmar and Karti) have organized a conference Freedom from fear on 25 September The conference aims to enhance the positive role of Somali Diaspora in the revival of the Somali nation and to engage the Somali Diaspora as an agents of change of this process. The conference will take a practical and highly detailed analysis approach to cover three crucial topics; 22

23 1. To reflect back the role of Islam in the foundation of the Somalia and to compare with the current role of Islam in the Somali society. Further to explore the role that Islam can play in the future the shaping of Somali nation. 2. Debate over 50 years of Somali republic independence and what lessons can we learn from the past. 3. Review the role of Diaspora and explore how they can help Somalia to make the right choices and get out of the current muddle. On July HIRDA, Dalmar and Karti have organized a dialogue between Somali young generation in Netherlands to discuss the independent day of Somali people. The discussion gave a good picture with Somali young people and they realized that they have to contribute to their home countries so that the country re-built again and people live together. HIRDA participated the Golobal Forum Migration Development (GFMD) held on 8-11 November 2001 in Mexico, the main objectives of the conference are: 7. To provide a venue for policy-makers and high-level policy practitioners to informally discuss policy, as well as practical challenges and opportunities of the migration-development nexus and engage with relevant stakeholders, including non-governmental organizations, experts and migrant organizations to foster practical and action-oriented outcomes at national, bilateral and international level; 8. To exchange good practices and experiences, which can be duplicated or adapted in other circumstances, to maximize development benefits of migration and migration flows; 9. To identify information, policy and institutional gaps necessary to foster synergies and greater policy coherence at national, regional and international level between the migration and development policy areas; 10. To establish partnerships and cooperation between countries, and between countries and other stakeholders, such as international organizations, Diaspora, migrants, academia etc., on migration and development; 11. To structure the international priorities and agenda on migration and development. On 8 October HIRDA participated a conference on Global Governance in Migration Issue organized by Institute of European Studies. HIRDA has organized a FGM expert meeting held on 16 December 2010 in Amsterdam. The expert meeting focused on the harmful practice of Female 23

24 GenitalMutilation (FGM)inAfricancountries. This event created an opportunity to raise awareness on the practice of FGM in Somalia, and shared experiences and learning points on the FGM projects implemented so far in Somalia. It also presented an opportunity for experts and other NGO working on FGM to also shared their ideas and knowledge on how best we can together fight for the total eradication of the practice of FGM in Africa as well as in other countries. HIRDA has followed a several sessions for community of practise meeting (CoP) coordinated by PSO. This session organized every month at once so that they can exchange and share information s. At this moment the following organizations are involved: 1. PSO 2. Oxfam Novib 3. HIRDA 4. IDS Utrecht 5. STRO 6. IMI 7. Coraid 8. Islamic Relief 9. IMI 10. SMS 11. DFD 12. Partos 13. Cos Nederalnd 14. Buza 15. TNU UvA 16. EUCC 17. Worknet 18. The Hague Process 19. VOND 24

25 20. Nedsom 21. FNV 22. Oikos 23. IOM HIRDA had the opportunity to participate in Oxfam-Novib,s KIC (Knowledge Infrustracture with and between Counterparts) exchange programme that was organized between Somali Education Program Group (SEPROG) a network organization based in Somalia and Civil Society Action Coalition on Education for All (CSACEFA) also a network organization based in Nigeria. The programme was held on 19 th - 31 st of May, The exchange programme was organized to enable participating organizations from Somalia to learn more about how Girls education in the Islamic context was carried out. Nigeria was chosen for this learning programme based on the fact that certain states in Nigeria are very Islamic and successes have been recorded in the role Civil Society organizations can play in encouraging girl child education in these contexts. Particpants had the opportunity to visit states such as Abuja, Zamfara, Kaduna and Kano. During these visits participants met CSACEFA member organizations who are involved in Girl Child Education. They took the opportunity to educate participants on their projects/programmes, strenghts and challenges they are facing as an organizations. Among others, particpants had the opportunity to learn about how NGO s in Nigeria are able implement and susutain their projects especially in the area of girls education. Participants also learnt about the strategies NGO,s in Nigeria adopt in order to promote girls enrolment and also retention in schools. Again they were able to learn more on advocacy and lobbying strategies and also the fact that it was possible to combine Islamic education with the conventional educational system in Islamic communities. HIRDA Netherlands was also chosen by Oxfam Novib as the facilitator for the programme. They in general learnt about how Basic Education is carried out in Nigeria and the role civil society organizations can play in the Education For All goal. They also learnt a lot from the Family Life and HIV/AIDS Education (FLHE) programme that was implemented by Education as a Vaccine against Aids (EVA) to provide young people with knowledge, positive attitudes and skills to foster 25

26 behaviour change and also reduce their risk to HIV/AIDS and other reproductive complications. HIRDA provided the training on capacity building to different Somali NGOs and individuals who needs to build their team work capacity on 19 Sep The course aims to enhance knowledge and skills of team work, understand the basics of team building and team spirit, recognize the benefits of teamwork and identify the strength and weakness of your team HIRDA organized an African Dining on 04 March 2010 in Amsterdam where the main discussion was Education for girls in Africa. HIRDA has invited African NGOs who are doing education program in Africa, Dutch institutions and individuals. HIRDA has also invited one of MP Kenyan who has an experience of being a girls educated and achieved a high position in Kenya. The questions were on the table are: what is the current state of girls' education in Africa? What are the effects of the current financial crisis? How can the involvement of African diaspora organizations in the Netherlands be increased? Are the recommendations for changes in the organization of development aid, as formulated in the WRR report 'Minder pretentie, meer ambitie. Ontwikkelingshulp die verschil maakt' (18 Jan 2010), realistic and achievable? 6.9- CAPACITY BUILDING & PROFESSIONALIZATION The organization's capacity is its ability to influence its life and progress toward desired results. The organization is multi-dimensional and is influenced by many variables both inside and outside of the organization. Internal variables include work structures, decision-making processes, information systems, and human resource management practices, to name a few. External variables include societal needs, politics, and religious climate, local, national, and international laws, donor interests and so on.so, it is very important that the organization incorporate internal and external variables into its management policy in order to deal with those issues. To do so the organization s capacity must be improved to address the external and internal factors associated with its programmes. Both teams of HIRDA organization in the Netherlands as well as in Somalia have taken trainings. The details of these trainings are shown in the following chapters SOMALIA Training HIRDA Somalia The training was serial sessions started from 2008 where HIRDA Somalia and community activists to build their capacity on different issues like organizational structure, good governance, financial management, team work, fundraising activities. 26