Chinese Newcomers in Myanmar s Wa Special Region

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Chinese Newcomers in Myanmar s Wa Special Region"


1 Overseas Chinese Journal of Bagui Sep.2017 No D A Chinese Newcomers in Myanmar s Wa Special Region Li Feng Science and Research Department Armed Police Command Academy Abstract Neighboring with Chinese cities as Lincang Pu er of Yunnan Province Myanmar s Wa Special Region is a relatively closed geographical unit of northeast Shan Plateau where are many overseas Chinese. From 1989 Wa Special Region has entered a new stage featured by peace and construction more and more Chinese newcomers moved into this region. Some of them invested in mines some managed companies some were employed as technical workers and so on. Besides Yunnan Fujian and Guangdong a large part of them came from China s inland provinces such as Sichuan Hunan Jiangxi or Anhui. Most of these newcomers are not prepared to permanent resident in this region and are not interested in other parts of Myanmar. The local government and people have an overall favorable opinion of these Chinese newcomers. Key Words Overseas Chinese Myanmar Wa Special Region New Immigrants Wa Special Region 1 Burma Communist Party BCP United Wa State Party UWSP United Wa State Army UWSA FJ2015TWB016 1 Wa Special Region 2 of Northern Shan State Wa Special Region 2 of Myanmar Wa State Wa Special Region Wa Mountainous Area

2 [1] [2] Newcomer Mon [3] [4] 3 [5] Wa Mountainous Area 1989 Shan Highland Salween River [6] 1 Burma/Myanmar Namtu River Proper Andaman Sea Shelby Tucker Newcomer Immigrant Diaspora Maung Aung Myoe In the Name of Pauk-Phaw Myanmar's China Policy Since 1948 Singapore Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

3 [7] [10] [8] [11] S Y Robert H. Taylor 1989 [12] Mong Mau [9] Y Pangkham http // Y S K

4 [13] Y Laih Meung Mau 1 Y [14] [15] 2 Y Kachin State 1 Kaibaiti [16] 3 Chin Shew Haw S Y C G G M [ ] S K

5 Aung Zaw 2001 [17] Ye Kyauk 3 S S [20] 3 [21] 3 S 6 Y Mandalay Yangon [18] [19] 6 Y 1 Y Y S K232 8 S

6 Y 4 Y S 6 Y 7 Y S 80% 20% 1 T 10 T 2 Y Y 3 Monique Skidmore Mong La Johnson & Johnson [22] 2 S Y T S K

7 4 Y 2005 [23] Y Y S 2008 Y S 1989 S 20 7 Y [ ] Akha Lahu Shan Wa 70 Supalak Ganjanakhundee Wa and Peace. Irrawaddy Vol. 9 No. 5 June 2001 pp % Wikipedia Demographics of Myanmar https // Y S K Victor Purcell. The Chinese in Southeast Asia Oxford Oxford University Press 1980 pp

8 Y Y S S Tachilek 6 Y Y Y [1] [8]. [M].[ ] [2] Shelby Tucker.Burma the curse of independence [M]. London Pluto Press [3] [A].. [C] [4] Martin Smith.Burma insurgency Y S K

9 [J] Dajin Peng Ethnic Chinese Business Networks and the Asia-Pacific Economic Integration Journal of Asian and African Studies Vol.35 No pp [31] [J] Bamboo Network[M] New York The Free Press [38] Keith Head and John Ries. Immigration and Trade FDI [J] Creation Econometric Evidence from Canada Canadian Journal of Economics Vol.31 No pp [J] [39] Nan Lin Social Capital A Theory of Social Structure [J] and Action Cambridge Cambridge University Press [D]. [40] James E.Rauch and Vitor Trindade. Ethnic Chinese [32]. [J]. and Statistics Vol.84 No p [33] [D] [34]. [M] [42] Murray Weidenbaum and Samuel Hughes The Bam-. boo Network New York The Free Press [J] [35]. [J] [36] Kotkin Joel.Tribes How Race Religion and Identity Determine Success in the New Global Economy[M] New York Random House [37] Weidenbaum Murray and Samuel Hughes. The Networks in International Trade The Review of Economics [41]. 60 and the politics of ethnicity[m].london Zed Books Ltd [5] Donald M.Seekins. Historical Dictionary of Burma Myanmar [M].Lanham The Scarecrow Press [6] Christopher Len Johan Alvin. Burma/Myanmar s Ailments Searching for the Right Remedy [M].Washington D.C. Central Asia -Caucasus Institute and Silk Road Studies Program [7] OL].http // c0102wph8.html. [EB/OL].http //mm.mof / shtml / [9][11][13][14]. c0102w0uc.html / [M].[ ] [10]. [21]. [EB/OL].http // [D]. c0102wx98.html / [12] Robert H.Taylor.Pathways to the present[a].kyaw Yin Hlaing Robert H. Taylor Tin Maung Maung Than.Myanmar Beyond Politics to Societal Imperatives [C].Singapore Institute of Southeast Asian Studies [15]. [D]. competitive advantages [M].Oxford Butterworth -Heinemann [16]. [EB/OL].http // blog_ c0102wzgi.html / [17] Aung Zaw.Drugs generals and neighbors[m].irrawaddy [18]. 3 [EB/OL].http // s/blog_ c0102w0yj.html / [19]. 11 [EB/ [20]. [EB/OL].http // [22] Monique Skidmore Trevor Wilson.Dictatorship Disorder and Decline in Myanmar [M].Canberra The Australian National University E Press [23] George T. Haley Chin Tiong Tan Usha C.V.Haley. New Asian emperors the Overseas Chinese their strategies and